Dr. Rajalakshmi Heyrovska
Raji Heyrovska, B.Sc., M.Sc. (I.I.Sc., Bangalore, India), Ph.D. (Univ. of Cambridge, U.K.)

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic (former).
and Private Research Scientist (current)
E-mail: rheyrovs@hotmail.com

Ph.D. thesis: Digital version deposited in University of Cambridge, January 2018:
https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/270413 ;

List of publications / research contributions (208), Women in Science (15) & Comments in Journals (18): till 18 May 2018.

Significant results

Biodata (with sublinks)
For a short bio (ACS, IYC 2011 Mtg.), see:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323383119 DOI 10.13140/RG.2.2.36408.03840

List of special lectures (with some flyers)

Collected Research Work (Topics I – IV). Author: Raji Heyrovska (see the second half of this page)

restoration of the electrolytic dissociation theory due to Arrhenius" (breakthrough work):
Full paper: "Partial Dissociation and Hydration of NaCl (aq.) at 25oC from Zero to Saturation"

R. Heyrovska, J. Electrochem. Soc., 143 (1996) 1789-1793.

Review papers in:

Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361;
Current Topics in Electrochemistry
, 16, (2011) 47-56;

Special Issue, Structural Chemistry, online: March 2013, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11224-01;
Structural Chem. 24 (2013) 1895-1901; DOI 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7; https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7

Latest conference presentation in 229th ECS Meeting, San Diego, May 2016 (20th anniversary of the first full paper in JES, 1996):
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305082740 ; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1669.2724

Complete collection of 63 research contributions by R. Heyrovska on partial dissociation and hydration in:
http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0133; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0133v1.pdf
(See Refs. 180 & 182 below)

Reference Tables of data:

Tables of Degrees of Dissociation, Surface and Bulk hydration numbers of Strong Electrolytes at Various Concentrations in Aqueous Solutions at 25oC
Data here in Tables (1 - 4) below pertain to:
R. Heyrovska, Chemicke Listy, 92 (1998) 157-166;
Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361 (Many tables of data)

Table 1: Halogen acids, perchloric acid, nitric acid.
Table 2: Alkali hydroxides, lithium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate.
Table 3: Alkali nitrates, sodium thiocyante, potassium thiocyanate.
Table 4: Alkali acetates and ammonium chloride.

Data in Table 5 here are from:
R. Heyrovska, http://www.electrochem.org/dl/ma/196/pdfs/2041.PDF(1999);
Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361
Table 5: Monovalent sulfates.

Tables I-III: Degrees of Dissociation and (Surface and Bulk) Hydration Numbers for all Alkali Halides are in:
R. Heyrovska, Croatica Chemica Acta, 70 (1997) 39 - 54.


R. Heyrovska, Text of the "Invitation Plenary Lecture": "Yes Arrhenius, Electrolytes are Indeed Partially Dissociated in Solutions at all Concentrations" in: "Symposium Svante Arrhenius", The Svedberg Hall, Uppsala, Sweden, 27 – 29 November, 2003, sponsored by the Nobel Committees of Chemistry and Physics to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the award of the Nobel Prize to Arrhenius in 1903.
Full text also in:
and in: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320021014 
Also, full paper with additional Tables of Degrees of Dissociation and (Surface and Bulk) Hydration Numbers are in:
R. Heyrovska, Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351 - 361.


A Magnetic Correction?

R. Heyrovska's talk (abstracted by T. Lassman): Chemical Heritage, 20 (2002) 38.

Last 5 years’ publications (2013 - 18 May 2018), [160-208]: (numbers are as in the full list of publications):

160. Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials are Linked Through the Golden Ratio.
R. Heyrovska,
International Journal of Sciences 03(2013):82-92 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/155, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201303-19.pdf (Views: 1130, Downloads: 618, March 2013 till 7 Feb 2018)

161. Solution phase thermodynamic of strong electrolytes based on ionic concentrations, hydration numbers and volumes of dissolved entities.
R. Heyrovska, Special Issue, Structural Chem. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11224-013-0256-7; (DOI) 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7;
Struct. Chem. (2013) 24: 895-1901; DOI 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7;

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/229673483 DOI 10.1002/elan.200503416

(98 reads till 7 Feb 2018)

162. Bond lengths, Bond angles and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials Related via the Golden Ratio for H2+, O2, O3, H2O, SO2, NO2 and CO2.
R. Heyrovska,
International Journal of Sciences 04(2013):1-4 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/168 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-08.pdf (Views:

1681, Downloads: 1101, April 2013 till 7 Feb 2018)

163. Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii Linked via the Golden Ratio for Elements Including Lanthanides and Actinides
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 04(2013):63-68 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/176, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-18.pdf (Views:

1237, Downloads: 739, April 2013 till 7 Feb 2018)
Table of data in:

164. Atomic, ionic and Bohr radii linked via the golden ratio for the elements in DNA: C, N, O, P and H

R. Heyrovska, "XIII. Meeting of physical chemists and electrochemists "and" VII. Electrochemical Summer School", Mendel University, Brno, May 2013. Theme: "60 years DNA: 1953 - 2013"

165. Golden Ratio Based Fine Structure Constant and Rydberg Constant for Hydrogen Spectra

R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 05(2013):28-31 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/185, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201305-08.pdf (Views:

1632, Downloads: 805, May 2013 till 7 Feb 2018)

166. Bond Lengths in Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide and Carbonic Acid as Sums of Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii. -
Dedicated to Joseph Black (April 1728 - December 1799)
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 12(2013):30-32
, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/361, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V220131214.pdf (Views:

1130, Downloads: 529, Dec 2013 till 7 Feb 2018)

167. Atomic Structures of Glucose, Fructose and Sucrose and Explanation of Anomeric Carbon.
R. Heyrovska, http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2014/01/23/002022; doi:; (posted on January 2014)

168. The long O-O bond in HOON: Comments on "Detection and Structure of HOON: Microwave Spectroscopy Reveals an O–O Bond Exceeding 1.9 Å by Crabtree et al.
13 December 2013: Vol. 342 no. 6164 pp. 1354-1357" DOI:10.1126/science.1244180

R. Heyrovska  http://comments.sciencemag.org/content/10.1126/science.1244180 (for missing Figs, see Ref 170 below: abstract-file)

169. The Golden Ratio In Atomic Architecture (Keynote talk)
R. Heyrovska "Shechtman International Symposium, Cancun, Mexico, 29 June - 3 July 2014"; http://www.flogen.org/ShechtmanSymposium/plenary_abst.php?page=2&p=Raji_Heyrovska&e=rheyrovs@hotmail.com&pi=124

Full text of KEYNOTE TALK in: 2014 - Sustainable Industrial processing summit/Shechtman International Symposium;
olume 5: Composite, Ceramic, Quasicrystals, Nanomaterials, High temperature Protection Coatings. Edited by Florian Kongoli, Flogen 2014, pp 395 - 402. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321292841  (21 reads till 7 Feb 2018)


170. Bond Lengths as Exact Sums of the Radii of Adjacent Atoms and or Ions in the Structures of Molecules (Lead Lecture)
R. Heyrovska, 13th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, 14-18 December, 2014, I.I.Sc., Bangalore, India: Lead Lecture: 17th December 2014, Abstract number 165.

http://eurasia13.org/download/Technical%20Programme.pdf (p.3: Raji H., Chair, CTC: Dec 16 & p. 4, Raji H., LL.5, Dec 17);

171. New Interpretation of the Structure and Formation of Ozone Based on the Atomic and Golden Ratio Based Ionic Radii of Oxygen.
R. Heyrovska, http://viXra.org/abs/1503.0269, http://vixra.org/pdf/1503.0269v1.pdf 

submitted on 2015-03-31 14:03:34, (175 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018) 

172. The Golden ratio, a key geometrical constant in atomic architecture.
R. Heyrovska, 113th Statistical Mechanics Conference, Rutgers University, Hill Center, May 10-12, 2015, Program of Conference, Abstract B2, p 22.
Conference Paper (PDF) · May 2015 (with 187 Reads till 7 Feb 2018)


173. Structural Insights at the Atomic Level of Important Materials: Al and Mn as special examples in honor of D. Shechtman.
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0003; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0003v2.pdf
replaced on 2015-06-02 13:13:34
, (204 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)

http://www.flogen.org/sips2015/cv.php?page=2&p=Raji_Heyrovska&e=rheyrovs@hotmail.com&pi=308 (Keynote talk: SIPS 2015, Antalya, Turkey, October 2015)


174. Sorry Bohr, Ground State Energy of Hydrogen Atom is Not Negative.
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0064; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0064v1.pdf

replaced on 2015-06-11 01:42:04, (297 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)


175. Simple Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Bond Angles in Stratospheric Chlorine Monoxide and Peroxide Based on Atomic and Ionic Radii.
R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1507.0190 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1507.0190v1.pdf

submitted on 2015-07-25 13:20:22, (124 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)


176. The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite
R. Heyrovska http://www.vixra.org/abs/1601.0273 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1601.0273v2.pdf

replaced on 2016-01-26 06:30:54, (138 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)


177. A Simple and Precise Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Angles in Diborane in Terms of Atomic and Ionic Radii. - Dedicated to Dmitri Mendeleev -(8 Feb.1834 - 2 Feb 1907) on his birth anniversary.
R. Heyrovska,  http://www.vixra.org/abs/1602.0091; http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1602.0091v1.pdf

submitted on 2016-02-08 08:26:14, (191 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)


178. The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite. - Dedicated to geo-carbon expert, Prof. Gustaf Arrhenius, of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, CA. (Full article)

R. Heyrovska Graphene, 5, 35-38, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/graphene.2016.52004 DOI: 10.4236/graphene.2016.52004

DOI: 10.4236/graphene.2016.52004   1,914 Downloads   2,298 Views (till 7 Feb 2018)

179. A Simple and Exact Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Stacking Distances in Benzene and its Dimers in Terms of Atomic Covalent Radii - Dedicated to organic chemist, Prof. P.R. Ayyar*, I.I.Sc.,Bangalore, on the 50th anniversary of his demise
R. Heyrovska,  http://www.vixra.org/abs/1602.0348 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1602.0348v2.pdf 

replaced on 2016-02-27 13:29:31, (104 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)

180. Unified Thermodynamics for All Concentrations of Electrolytes Based on Hydration and Partial Dissociation (Without Activity Coefficients, 1995-)

R. Heyrovska 229th ECS Meeting, http://www.electrochem.org/229, May 29-June 2, 2016 | San Diego, CA, Abstract #72574
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305082740 ; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1669.2724

Presentation (PDF) · May 2016 (with 97 Reads till 7 Feb 2018)

181. Absolute Potentials of the Standard Hydrogen Electrode (4.20 V), Standard Reference Electrodes & Aqueous Redox Couples of Elements
R. Heyrovska 229th ECS Meeting, http://www.electrochem.org/229, May 29-June 2, 2016 | San Diego, CA, Abstract #72655


182. Solution Chemistry Simplified Based on Arrhenius' Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation and Hydration For all Concentrations - Collected  research work, dedicated to Svante August Arrhenius (1859 – 1927).
R. Heyrovska  http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0133
; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0133v1.pdf (

replaced on 2017-12-10 02:36:45, (315 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018).

183. Absolute Potentials of the Standard Hydrogen Electrode, Reference Electrodes and Aqueous Redox Couples of Elements of Gps. I –VIII
- Collected work dedicated to the pioneers, Volta, Davy and Faraday.
R. Heyrovska; http://www.vixra.org/abs/1603.0168
; http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1603.0168v1.pdf

submitted on 2016-03-10 13:50:13, (103 unique-IP downloads)  (till 7 Feb 2018)

184. Simple and Exact Additivity of Atomic and Ionic Radii in Various Types of Bonds in Small as Well as Large Molecules - Collected work dedicated to John Dalton (1766 – 1844) in commemoration of his 250th birth anniversary.

R. Heyrovska; http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0199
; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0199v1.pdf (

submitted on 2016-03-13 08:00:26, (109 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)

A New Linear Equation Relating Interfacial Tension of Mercury and Isotension Potentials Describing Asymmetry in Electrocapillary Curves - Dedicated to the polarographer, Prof. J. Heyrovsky* (Dec. 20, 1890 – Mar. 27, 1967).
R. Heyrovska; http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0359; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0359v1.pdf

submitted on 2016-03-25 15:38:36, (61 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)

186. Communication--A Linear Equation Relating Interfacial Tension and Isotension Potentials to Describe Asymmetry in Electrocapillary Curves

R. Heyrovska http://jes.ecsdl.org/cgi/content/abstract/163/8/H639; doi: 10.1149/2.0301608jes
J. Electrochem. Soc. 2016 volume 163, issue 8, H639-H641 (Open access article)

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303327317  DOI10.1149/2.0301608jes (16 reads till 7 Feb 2018)

187. Linear Dependence on Covalent Radii of Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements Calculated by Rahm, Hoffmann and Ashcroft – Dedicated to Alfred B. Nobel
(21 Oct.1833 – 10 Dec.1896) to commemorate the 120th Anniversary of his demise

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0173 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0173v1.pdf

submitted on 2016-12-09 11:06:17, (37 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)

New Simple Relations Connecting Bond Lengths, Lattice Parameters and Bohr Radii for the Biologically Important Elements, C, N, O, P and S – Dedicated to Sir J.J. Thomson ((18 Dec 1856 - 30 Aug 1940) to commemorate his 160th Birth Anniversary

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0290 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0290v1.pdf (full text)

submitted on 2016-12-18 15:00:49, (96 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)

189. Coulomb’s Law is Not Violated in Anion Dimers as Reported by Fatila et al
- Dedicated to Charles-Augustin de Coulomb (14 June 1736 – 23 August 1806)

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0325 (abstract), http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0325v1.pdf (full text)

submitted on 2016-12-24 01:22:28, (38 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)

190. Bohr Radius as the Sum of Golden Sections Pertaining to the Electron and Proton, Covalent Bond Lengths Between Same Two Atoms as Exact Sums of Their Cationic and Anionic Radii and Additivity of Atomic and or Ionic Radii in Bond Lengths – Collected work dedicated to Johannes Kepler (1571 - 1630).
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1709.0066 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1709.0066v1.pdf (full text)

submitted on 2017-09-06 09:58:56, (41 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)


191. Simple Relation Between Proton Radius, Bohr Radius and Fine Structure Constant.

R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1710.0105 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0105v1.pdf (full text)

submitted on 2017-10-09 11:39:01, (63 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)

192. Proton radius related to Bohr radius and fine structure constant.
R. Heyrovska, E-Letter (online: 10 October 2017; also reply to comments on 23 October) In: Science  06 Oct 2017:Vol. 358, Issue 6359, pp. 79-85, DOI: 10.1126/science.aah6677


193. Thermodynamics of Redox and Solubility Equilibria Based on Hydration and Partial Dissociation of Electrolytes.
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1710.0322 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0322v1.pdf (full text)

submitted on 2017-10-29 10:35:56, (47 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)   

194. Response to “Comment on ‘Physical Electrochemistry of Strong Electrolytes Based on Partial Dissociation and Hydration’ [J. Electrochem. Soc., 143, 1789 (1996)]”

R. Heyrovska, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 164 (13) Y15-Y15 (2017); http://jes.ecsdl.org/content/164/13/Y15.full

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320984587  DOI10.1149/2.0201714jes
(7 reads till Feb 2018)

195. An Estimate of the Mass of Neutrinos from Nuclear Mass Defects.

R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1711.0405 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1711.0405v1.pdf (full text);

submitted on 2017-11-23 12:30:02, (35 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)


196. Comments on The Pitzer Equations Formulated on the Assumption of Complete Dissociation of Strong Electrolytes
R. Heyrovska
, http://vixra.org/abs/1712.0001 (abstract), http://vixra.org/pdf/1712.0001v1.pdf (full text);

submitted on 2017-12-01 10:54:44, (19 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)

197. A Simultaneous Interpretation of Existing Data on Non-Ideality of Gases and Solutions; Simple Equations of State Without Empirical Concepts and Parameters; Langmuir Isotherm for Three Dimensions (Dedicated to the Memory of J.H. Van’t Hoff)
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1712.0125 (abstract);  http://vixra.org/pdf/1712.0125v1.pdf (full text)
submitted on 2017-12-05 09:31:43, (18 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)

Bulk and Surface Hydration Numbers and Degrees of Dissociation of NaCl in Aqueous Solutions at 25oC for all Concentrations
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1801.0094 (abstract), http://vixra.org/pdf/1801.0094v1.pdf (full text: [v1] 2018-01-08)
submitted on 2018-01-08 09:38:06, (17 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)

199. Atomic and Ionic Radii in the Structures of Inorganic, Organic and Biological Molecules: Reference Papers with Data and Figures.
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1802.0060 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1802.0060v1.pdf (full text),
submitted on 2018-02-05 12:02:49, (1 unique-IP downloads) (till 7 Feb 2018)

200. Current Physical Electrochemistry Based on Actual Ionic Concentrations, Hydration and Absolute Electrode Potentials. - (Dedicated to Svante Arrhenius (1859 – 1927) and Alessandro Volta (1754 – 1827) on the 90th and 190th anniversaries, respectively, of their demise)

R. Heyrovska, Research Trends: CurrentTopics in Eletrochemistry (in Press).


201. Simple and Exact Additivity of Atomic and Ionic Radii in Various Types of Bonds in Small as Well as Large Molecules - Dedicated to John Dalton (1766 – 1844) in commemoration of his 250th birth anniversary

R. Heyrovska,  Structural Chemistry & Crystallography Communication,  Vol. 3 No. 2:5; DOI: 10.21767/2470-9905.100029 (in Press). (Preprint: Ref 184 above.)

202. Structure of hexagonal boron nitride at the atomic level
R. Heyrovska, e-Letter in: Science 23 Feb 2018: Vol 359, Issue 6378, pp 871; http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6378/871/tab-e-letters

203. The Golden Ratio, the Principle of Construction of Atoms
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1802.0360 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1802.0360v1.pdf (full text)
Submission history: [
v1] 2018-02-26 12:23:58

204. Structure of Ice VII and the Dimensions of the Water Molecule
R. Heyrovska, E-Letter to Science: http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6380/1136/tab-e-letters

205. Interpretation of the Longest C-C Bond Reported by Ishigaki et al.
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1803.0316 (abstract), http://vixra.org/pdf/1803.0316v1.pdf (full text)

206. Coulombic Energy Replaced by Electromagnetic Energy in Bohr’s Theory Makes Atomic Physics Simple and Sensible.
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1804.0229 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1804.0229v1.pdf

207. The Golden Ratio in Atomic Theory