Dr. Rajalakshmi Heyrovska
Raji Heyrovska, B.Sc., M.Sc. (I.I.Sc., Bangalore, India), Ph.D. (Univ. of Cambridge, U.K.)

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic (former).
and Private Research Scientist (current)
E-mail: rheyrovs@hotmail.com

List of publications / research contributions (194) (till 11 Oct. 2017)

Significant results

Biodata (with sublinks)

List of special lectures

restoration of the electrolytic dissociation theory due to Arrhenius" (breakthrough work):
Full paper: "Partial Dissociation and Hydration of NaCl (aq.) at 25oC from Zero to Saturation"

R. Heyrovska, J. Electrochem. Soc., 143 (1996) 1789-1793.

Review papers in:

Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361;
Current Topics in Electrochemistry
, 16, (2011) 47-56;

Special Issue, Structural Chemistry, online: March 2013, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11224-01;
Structural Chem. (2013) 24: 1895-1901; DOI 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7

Latest conference presentation in 229th ECS Meeting, San Diego, May 2016
(20th anniversary of the first full paper in JES, 1996):
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305082740 ; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1669.2724

Complete collection of 63 research contributions by R. Heyrovska on partial dissociation and hydration in:
http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0133; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0133v1.pdf
(See Refs. 180 & 182 below)

Tables of Degrees of Dissociation, Surface and Bulk hydration numbers of Strong Electrolytes at Various Concentrations in Aqueous Solutions at 25oC
Data here in Tables (1 - 4) below pertain to:
R. Heyrovska, Chemicke Listy, 92 (1998) 157-166;
Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361 (Many tables of data)

Table 1: Halogen acids, perchloric acid, nitric acid.
Table 2: Alkali hydroxides, lithium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate.
Table 3: Alkali nitrates, sodium thiocyante, potassium thiocyanate.
Table 4: Alkali acetates and ammonium chloride.

Data in Table 5 here are from:
R. Heyrovska, http://www.electrochem.org/dl/ma/196/pdfs/2041.PDF(1999);
Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361
Table 5: Monovalent sulfates.

Tables I-III: Degrees of Dissociation and (Surface and Bulk) Hydration Numbers for all Alkali Halides are in:
R. Heyrovska, Croatica Chemica Acta, 70 (1997) 39 - 54.

R. Heyrovska, Text of the "Invitation Plenary Lecture": "Yes Arrhenius, Electrolytes are Indeed Partially Dissociated in Solutions at all Concentrations" in: "Symposium Svante Arrhenius", The Svedberg Hall, Uppsala, Sweden, 27 – 29 November, 2003, sponsored by the Nobel Committees of Chemistry and Physics to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the award of the Nobel Prize to Arrhenius in 1903.
Full text also in:
Also, full paper with additional Tables of Degrees of Dissociation and (Surface and Bulk) Hydration Numbers are in:
R. Heyrovska, Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351 - 361.

A Magnetic Correction?
R. Heyrovska's talk (abstracted by T. Lassman): Chemical Heritage, 20 (2002) 38.

Last 57 publications (till 11 Oct. 2017) (numbers are as in the full list of publications):

136. Absolute Potentials of the Hydrogen Electrode and of Aqueous Redox Couples. (breakthrough work)
R. Heyrovska,
Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters 12 (issue 10) (2009) F29-F30; http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.3186645;


137. Absolute Aqueous Redox Potentials (via a New Link Between Aqueous and Gaseous Properties).
R. Heyrovska, a)
9th workshop of physical chemists and electrochemists, Brno, June 2009; http://www.chemi.muni.cz/~libuse/setkani2009/index.html
b) Nature Precedings (2009) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/3395/version/1; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2009.3395; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2009.3395.1 Full text of presentation in English.

138. Absolute Redox Potentials Found to be Inversely Propotional to the Bohr Radius.
R. Heyrovska, 216th ECS Meeting, Vienna, Austria, October 2009, Meeting Abstr. Electrochem. Soc. 902, 3067, 2009.
ECS Trans.
, 25, 159-163, 2010.

139. Absolute Potentials of Standard Reference Electrodes at 25 0C
R. Heyrovska, MEM 2009 conference, dedicated to Prof. J. Heyrovsky on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the award of the
Nobel Prize for Polarography, Prague, 9-13 Decmber 2009:
http://www.natur.cuni.cz/heyrovsky; Conference Proceedings: Chemicke Listy, 103 (2009) OP-10, s238: (Abstract).
Nature Precedings (2010) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4354/version/1; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2010.4354; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2010.4354.1

OP-10, p. s238, Proceedings of the Modern Electroanalytical Methods 2009, Prague, Czech 13-Republic, 9- December 2009, Department of Chemistry,
Faculty of Science, Charles University, Editors: J. Barek, K. Nesměrák,
http://web.natur.cuni.cz/heyrovsky/Heyrovsky2009 Proceedings complete.pdf

Radii of redox components from absolute redox potentials compared with covalent and aqueous ionic radii
R. Heyrovska, Electroanalysis, Published online; 4 March 2010; 22, Issue 9 (May), (2010) 903 - 907; http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elan.200900503;


141. Bonding Distances as 
Exact Sums of the Radii of the Constituent Atoms in Nanomaterials - Boron Nitride and Coronene.
R. Heyrovska,
arXiv:1004.2667 [pdf] (2010); http://arxiv.org/abs/1004.2667v2

*142. Precsie Atomic Structures of Three Novel Nanomaterials in Nanotechnology, Biomedicine and Cosmology: Graphene, Boron Nitride and Coronene.
R. Heyrovska, L. Atchison, S. Narayan,
The Nanomaterials Symposium, 19 April, 2010, JHU/APL Kossiakoff Center, MD. (Poster);
Nature Precedings (2010) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4357/version/1; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2010.4357

143. New Equations for Atomic Mass, Mass per Nucleon and Mass defects of Elements in Terms of Rest Mass Based Neutron Numbers.
R. Heyrovska,
Nature Precedings (2010) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4547/version/1

144. Additivity of covalent and or ionic radii in the atomic structure of molecules            
R. Heyrovska
, 11th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, 6-10 October 2010, The Dead Sea - Jordan (Invited talk)

145. Absolute Potentials of the Hydrogen Electrode and of Redox Couples. 
R. Heyrovska
11th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, 6-10 October 2010, The Dead Sea - Jordan (Poster)

Comments on Graphene       
R. Heyrovska
Nature 467, 642 (2010); doi:10.1038/467642a; Published online 5 October 2010;


Gender discrimination is a drawback for the progress of science
R. Heyrovska, Symposium: International Women in Science, Challenges and Triumphs, International Year of Chemistry 2011,
ACS Spring Meeting March 2011, Anaheim, CA, USA. (Invited talk)

Precise atomic structures of two important molecules in biochemistry: Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and aspirin (acetyl salicylic acid)
R. Heyrovska, L. Atchison and S. Narayan, International Year of Chemistry 2011, ACS Spring Meeting March 2011, Anaheim, CA, USA. (Poster)
Nature Precedings (2011) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/5966/version/1; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2011.5966.1

Balmer and Rydberg equations for hydrogen spectra revisited

R. Heyrovska, http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1105/1105.4366.pdf (2011)

Disorder & structureless are seeming notions, since there is order at the atomic level
R. Heyrovska, Nature http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110309/full/471151a.html#comment-id-24648
(Comment posted on: 2011-06-27)

Structures at the Atomic Level of Cobalt, Zinc and Lead Niobates (with an Appendix: Atomic structure of cobalt niobate crystal).
R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2011), http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6059/version/2

152. Atomic and molecular structures of positronium, dipositronium and positronium hydride
R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2011) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6290/version/1

Partial dissociation and hydration quantitatively explain the properties of aqueous electrolyte solutions and hence
empirical activity concepts are unnecessary. (Dedicated to Svante Arrhenius on the occasion of IYC 2011)

R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2011) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6416/version/1;

154. Arrhenius' theory of partial dissociation and hydration of electrolytes in solutions replaces existing activity concepts
R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2011) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6416/version/2

Structures of molecules at the atomic level: Caffeine and related compounds
R. Heyrovska and S. Narayan, Philippine Journal of Science, 140(2): 119-124, 2011 (Full paper) in English

156. Precise Molecular Structures of Cysteine, Cystine, Hydrogen-Bonded Dicysteine, Cysteine Dipeptide,
Glutathione and Acetyl Cysteine Based on Additivity of Atomic Radii.

R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2011) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6692/version/1

157. New insight into DNA damage by cisplatin at the atomic scale

R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2012)  http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6891/version/1  
Presented at: the 12th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, Corfu, Greece, April 16-21, 2012. Abstract in:
Photo: http://eurasia12.uoi.gr/images/photos/conf/P4162678.JPG

Arrhenius' theory of partial dissociation and hydration completely replace existing ideas of activity and complete dissociation of electrolytes in solutions.

R. Heyrovska  Current Topics in Electrochemistry, 16, 47-56, 2011;

159. Precise Atomic Structures of L-DOPA, Dopamine, Noradrenaline, Adrenaline, Isoprenaline, 5-HTP, Serotonin and Histamine with Bond Lengths as Exact Sums of Adjacent Atomic Radii.
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 11(2012):1-9 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/84; http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V1-201211-16.pdf  ( Views: 868, Downloads: 504, Nov 2012 till 21 July 2017).

160. Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials are Linked Through the Golden Ratio.
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 03(2013):82-92 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/155, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201303-19.pdf (Views: 921, Downloads: 514, March 2013 till 21 July 2017) Om Sri Ganeshaya namaha

161. Solution phase thermodynamic of strong electrolytes based on ionic concentrations, hydration numbers and volumes of dissolved entities.
R. Heyrovska, Special Issue, Structural Chem. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11224-013-0256-7; (DOI) 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7;
Struct. Chem. (2013) 24: 895-1901; DOI 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7;

162. Bond lengths, Bond angles and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials Related via the Golden Ratio for H2+, O2, O3, H2O, SO2, NO2 and CO2.
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 04(2013):1-4 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/168 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-08.pdf (Views: 1429, Downloads: 977, April 2013 till 21 July 2017)

163. Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii Linked via the Golden Ratio for Elements Including Lanthanides and Actinides
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 04(2013):63-68 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/176, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-18.pdf (Views: 1039, Downloads: 669, April 2013 till 21 July 2017)

164. Atomic, ionic and Bohr radii linked via the golden ratio for the elements in DNA: C, N, O, P and H
R. Heyrovska, "XIII. Meeting of physical chemists and electrochemists "and" VII. Electrochemical Summer School", Mendel University, Brno, May 2013. Theme: "60 years DNA: 1953 - 2013"

165. Golden Ratio Based Fine Structure Constant and Rydberg Constant for Hydrogen Spectra

R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 05(2013):28-31 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/185, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201305-08.pdf (Views: 1182, Downloads: 652, May 2013 till 21 July 2017)

166. Bond Lengths in Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide and Carbonic Acid as Sums of Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii.
Dedicated to Joseph Black (April 1728 - December 1799)

R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 12(2013):30-32, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/361, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V220131214.pdf (Views: 835, Downloads: 437, Dec 2013 till 21 July 2017)

167. Atomic Structures of Glucose, Fructose and Sucrose and Explanation of Anomeric Carbon.
 R. Heyrovska, http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2014/01/23/002022; ; (posted on January 2014)

168. The long O-O bond in HOON: Comments on "Detection and Structure of HOON: Microwave Spectroscopy Reveals an O–O Bond Exceeding 1.9 Å by Crabtree et al.
13 December 2013: Vol. 342 no. 6164 pp. 1354-1357" DOI:10.1126/science.1244180

R. Heyrovska  http://comments.sciencemag.org/content/10.1126/science.1244180
(for missing Figs, see Ref 170 below: abstract-file)

169. The Golden Ratio In Atomic Architecture (Keynote talk)
R. Heyrovska "Shechtman International Symposium, Cancun, Mexico, 29 June - 3 July 2014"; http://www.flogen.org/ShechtmanSymposium/plenary_abst.php?page=2&p=Raji_Heyrovska&e=rheyrovs@hotmail.com&pi=124

Full text of KEYNOTE TALK in: 2014 - Sustainable Industrial processing summit/Shechtman International Symposium;
olume 5: Composite, Ceramic, Quasicrystals, Nanomaterials, High temperature Protection Coatings. Edited by Florian Kongoli, Flogen 2014, pp 395 - 402.

. Bond Lengths as Exact Sums of the Radii of Adjacent Atoms and or Ions in the Structures of Molecules (Lead Lecture)
R. Heyrovska, 13th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, 14-18 December, 2014, I.I.Sc., Bangalore, India: Lead Lecture: 17th December 2014, Abstract number 165.

http://eurasia13.org/download/Technical%20Programme.pdf (p.3: Raji H., Chair, CTC: Dec 16 & p. 4, Raji H., LL.5, Dec 17);

New Interpretation of the Structure and Formation of Ozone Based on the Atomic and Golden Ratio Based Ionic Radii of Oxygen.

R. Heyrovska, http://viXra.org/abs/1503.0269, http://vixra.org/pdf/1503.0269v1.pdf  

(Unique-IP document downloads: 169 times, 31 March 2015 till 21 July 2017)

The Golden ratio, a key geometrical constant in atomic architecture.
R. Heyrovska, 113th Statistical Mechanics Conference, Rutgers University, Hill Center, May 10-12, 2015, Program of Conference, Abstract B2, p 22.

Conference Paper (PDF) · May 2015 (with 139 Reads till 21 July 2017)

173. Structural Insights at the Atomic Level of Important Materials: Al and Mn as special examples in honor of D. Shechtman.
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0003; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0003v2.pdf

(Unique-IP document downloads: 201 times, 1 June 2015 till 21 July 2017)
(Keynote talk: SIPS 2015, Antalya, Turkey, October 2015)

Sorry Bohr, Ground State Energy of Hydrogen Atom is Not Negative.

R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0064; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0064v1.pdf 

(Unique-IP document downloads: 265 times, 11 June 2015 till 21 July 2017)

Simple Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Bond Angles in Stratospheric Chlorine Monoxide and Peroxide Based on Atomic and Ionic Radii
R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1507.0190 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1507.0190v1.pdf

(Unique-IP document downloads: 114 times, 25 July 2015 till 21 July 2017)

The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite
R. Heyrovska http://www.vixra.org/abs/1601.0273 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1601.0273v2.pdf

(Unique-IP document downloads: 109 times, 26 Jan 2016 till 21 July 2017)

A Simple and Precise Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Angles in Diborane in Terms of Atomic and Ionic Radii. - Dedicated to Dmitri Mendeleev -(8 Feb.1834 - 2 Feb 1907) on his birth anniversary.
R. Heyrovska, 
http://www.vixra.org/abs/1602.0091; http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1602.0091v1.pdf

(Unique-IP document downloads: 118 times, 8 Feb 2016 till 21 July 2017)

The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite. - Dedicated to geo-carbon expert, Prof. Gustaf Arrhenius, of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, CA. (Full article)
R. Heyrovska,  Graphene, 5, 35-38, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/graphene.2016.52004 DOI: 10.4236/graphene.2016.52004

DOI: 10.4236/graphene.2016.52004    1,697 Downloads   1,964 Views 

(April 2016 till 21 July 2017)
Journal cover photo in Graphene April 2016 issue: http://file.scirp.org/pdf/Graphene_05_02_Content_2016022615134040.pdf 

A Simple and Exact Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Stacking Distances in Benzene and its Dimers in Terms of Atomic Covalent Radii -
Dedicated to organic chemist, Prof. P.R. Ayyar*, I.I.Sc.,Bangalore, on the 50th anniversary of his demise
R. Heyrovska
,  http://www.vixra.org/abs/1602.0348 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1602.0348v2.pdf  
(Unique-IP document downloads: 81 times, 27 Feb 2016 till 21 July
180. Unified Thermodynamics for All Concentrations of Electrolytes Based on Hydration and Partial Dissociation (Without Activity Coefficients, 1995-)
R. Heyrovska 229th ECS Meeting, http://www.electrochem.org/229, May 29-June 2, 2016 | San Diego, CA, Abstract #72574
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305082740 ; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1669.2724

Presentation (PDF) · May 2016 (with 77 Reads till 21 July 2017)

Absolute Potentials of the Standard Hydrogen Electrode (4.20 V), Standard Reference Electrodes & Aqueous Redox Couples of Elements
R. Heyrovska 229th ECS Meeting, http://www.electrochem.org/229, May 29-June 2, 2016 | San Diego, CA, Abstract #72655

182. Solution Chemistry Simplified Based on Arrhenius' Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation and Hydration For all Concentrations - Collected  research work, dedicated to Svante August Arrhenius (1859 – 1927).
R. Heyrovska  http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0133; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0133v1.pdf (

(Unique-IP document downloads: 194 times, 8 March 2016 till 21 July 2017).

Absolute Potentials of the Standard Hydrogen Electrode, Reference Electrodes and Aqueous Redox Couples of Elements of Gps. I –VIII - Collected work dedicated to the pioneers, Volta, Davy and Faraday.
R. Heyrovska; http://www.vixra.org/abs/1603.0168 ; http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1603.0168v1.pdf

(Unique-IP document downloads: 53 times, 10 March 2016 till 21 July 2017)

. Simple and Exact Additivity of Atomic and Ionic Radii in Various Types of Bonds in Small as Well as Large Molecules
- Collected work dedicated to John Dalton (1766 1844) in commemoration of his 250th birth anniversary.
R. Heyrovska; http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0199; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0199v1.pdf (

(Unique-IP document downloads: 82 times, 13 March 2016 till 21 July 2017)

A New Linear Equation Relating Interfacial Tension of Mercury and Isotension Potentials Describing Asymmetry in Electrocapillary Curves
- Dedicated to the polarographer, Prof. J. Heyrovsky* (Dec. 20, 1890 – Mar. 27, 1967).
R. Heyrovska; http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0359; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0359v1.pdf

(Unique-IP document downloads: 57 times, 25 March 2016 till 21 July 2017)

Communication--A Linear Equation Relating Interfacial Tension and Isotension Potentials to Describe Asymmetry in Electrocapillary Curves