Dr. Rajalakshmi Heyrovska
Raji Heyrovska, B.Sc., M.Sc. (I.I.Sc., Bangalore, India), Ph.D. (Univ. of Cambridge, U.K.)

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic (former).
and Private Research Scientist (current)
E-mail: rheyrovs@hotmail.com
rheyrovs@gmail.com
http://www.jh-inst.cas.cz/~rheyrovs

Ph.D. thesis: Digital version deposited in University of Cambridge (January 2018):
https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/270413 ;
https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.17287


List of publications / research contributions (200 till 9 Jan. 2018)

Significant results

Biodata (with sublinks)

List of special lectures (with some flyers)

Collected Research Work (Topics I – IV). Author: Raji Heyrovska (see the second half of this page)

.............................................................................................................................................................
"Complete
restoration of the electrolytic dissociation theory due to Arrhenius" (breakthrough work):
Full paper: "Partial Dissociation and Hydration of NaCl (aq.) at 25oC from Zero to Saturation"

R. Heyrovska, J. Electrochem. Soc., 143 (1996) 1789-1793.

Review papers in:

Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361;
Current Topics in Electrochemistry
, 16, (2011) 47-56;

Special Issue, Structural Chemistry, online: March 2013, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11224-01;
Structural Chem. 24 (2013) 1895-1901; DOI 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7; https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7

Latest conference presentation in 229th ECS Meeting, San Diego, May 2016 (20th anniversary of the first full paper in JES, 1996):
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305082740 ; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1669.2724

Complete collection of 63 research contributions by R. Heyrovska on partial dissociation and hydration in:
http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0133; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0133v1.pdf
(See Refs. 180 & 182 below)

Reference Tables of data:

Tables of Degrees of Dissociation, Surface and Bulk hydration numbers of Strong Electrolytes at Various Concentrations in Aqueous Solutions at 25oC
Data here in Tables (1 - 4) below pertain to:
R. Heyrovska, Chemicke Listy, 92 (1998) 157-166;
Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361 (Many tables of data)

Table 1: Halogen acids, perchloric acid, nitric acid.
Table 2: Alkali hydroxides, lithium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate.
Table 3: Alkali nitrates, sodium thiocyante, potassium thiocyanate.
Table 4: Alkali acetates and ammonium chloride.

Data in Table 5 here are from:
R. Heyrovska, http://www.electrochem.org/dl/ma/196/pdfs/2041.PDF(1999);
Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361
Table 5: Monovalent sulfates.

Tables I-III: Degrees of Dissociation and (Surface and Bulk) Hydration Numbers for all Alkali Halides are in:
R. Heyrovska, Croatica Chemica Acta, 70 (1997) 39 - 54.

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R. Heyrovska, Text of the "Invitation Plenary Lecture": "Yes Arrhenius, Electrolytes are Indeed Partially Dissociated in Solutions at all Concentrations" in: "Symposium Svante Arrhenius", The Svedberg Hall, Uppsala, Sweden, 27 – 29 November, 2003, sponsored by the Nobel Committees of Chemistry and Physics to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the award of the Nobel Prize to Arrhenius in 1903.
Full text also in:
http://almaz.com/nobel/chemistry/1903a.html
and in: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320021014 
Also, full paper with additional Tables of Degrees of Dissociation and (Surface and Bulk) Hydration Numbers are in:
R. Heyrovska, Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351 - 361.

******************************************************************************************************************

A Magnetic Correction?

R. Heyrovska's talk (abstracted by T. Lassman): Chemical Heritage, 20 (2002) 38.
..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Last 5 years’ publications (2013 - 9 Jan. 2018): (numbers are as in the full list of publications):

160. Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials are Linked Through the Golden Ratio.
R. Heyrovska,
International Journal of Sciences 03(2013):82-92 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/155, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201303-19.pdf (Views: 1025, Downloads: 563, March 2013 till 3 Nov 2017)

161. Solution phase thermodynamic of strong electrolytes based on ionic concentrations, hydration numbers and volumes of dissolved entities.
R. Heyrovska, Special Issue, Structural Chem. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11224-013-0256-7; (DOI) 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7;
Struct. Chem. (2013) 24: 895-1901; DOI 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7;

162. Bond lengths, Bond angles and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials Related via the Golden Ratio for H2+, O2, O3, H2O, SO2, NO2 and CO2.
R. Heyrovska,
International Journal of Sciences 04(2013):1-4 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/168 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-08.pdf (Views: 1558, Downloads: 1047, April 2013 till 3 Nov 2017)

163. Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii Linked via the Golden Ratio for Elements Including Lanthanides and Actinides
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 04(2013):63-68 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/176, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-18.pdf (Views: 1149, Downloads: 698, April 2013 till 3 Nov 2017)
Table of data in:
https://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kovalens_sug%C3%A1r

164. Atomic, ionic and Bohr radii linked via the golden ratio for the elements in DNA: C, N, O, P and H

R. Heyrovska, "XIII. Meeting of physical chemists and electrochemists "and" VII. Electrochemical Summer School", Mendel University, Brno, May 2013. Theme: "60 years DNA: 1953 - 2013"

165. Golden Ratio Based Fine Structure Constant and Rydberg Constant for Hydrogen Spectra

R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 05(2013):28-31 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/185, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201305-08.pdf (Views: 1343, Downloads: 726, May 2013 till 3 Nov 2017)

166. Bond Lengths in Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide and Carbonic Acid as Sums of Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii. -
Dedicated to Joseph Black (April 1728 - December 1799)
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 12(2013):30-32
, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/361, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V220131214.pdf (Views: 996, Downloads: 472, Dec 2013 till 3 Nov 2017)

167. Atomic Structures of Glucose, Fructose and Sucrose and Explanation of Anomeric Carbon.
R. Heyrovska, http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2014/01/23/002022; doi:; (posted on January 2014)

168. The long O-O bond in HOON: Comments on "Detection and Structure of HOON: Microwave Spectroscopy Reveals an O–O Bond Exceeding 1.9 Å by Crabtree et al.
Science
13 December 2013: Vol. 342 no. 6164 pp. 1354-1357" DOI:10.1126/science.1244180

R. Heyrovska  http://comments.sciencemag.org/content/10.1126/science.1244180 (for missing Figs, see Ref 170 below: abstract-file)

169. The Golden Ratio In Atomic Architecture (Keynote talk)
R. Heyrovska "Shechtman International Symposium, Cancun, Mexico, 29 June - 3 July 2014"; http://www.flogen.org/ShechtmanSymposium/plenary_abst.php?page=2&p=Raji_Heyrovska&e=rheyrovs@hotmail.com&pi=124

Full text of KEYNOTE TALK in: 2014 - Sustainable Industrial processing summit/Shechtman International Symposium;
V
olume 5: Composite, Ceramic, Quasicrystals, Nanomaterials, High temperature Protection Coatings. Edited by Florian Kongoli, Flogen 2014, pp 395 - 402. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321292841

 

170. Bond Lengths as Exact Sums of the Radii of Adjacent Atoms and or Ions in the Structures of Molecules (Lead Lecture)
R. Heyrovska, 13th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, 14-18 December, 2014, I.I.Sc., Bangalore, India: Lead Lecture: 17th December 2014, Abstract number 165.

http://eurasia13.org/download/Technical%20Programme.pdf (p.3: Raji H., Chair, CTC: Dec 16 & p. 4, Raji H., LL.5, Dec 17);
http://eurasia13.org/abstract-file/abstract/CTC/IL/1.pdf


171. New Interpretation of the Structure and Formation of Ozone Based on the Atomic and Golden Ratio Based Ionic Radii of Oxygen.
R. Heyrovska, http://viXra.org/abs/1503.0269, http://vixra.org/pdf/1503.0269v1.pdf   (submitted on 2015-03-31 14:03:34, (172 unique-IP downloads
till 2 Nov 2017)

172. The Golden ratio, a key geometrical constant in atomic architecture.
R. Heyrovska, 113th Statistical Mechanics Conference, Rutgers University, Hill Center, May 10-12, 2015, Program of Conference, Abstract B2, p 22.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281270357
Conference Paper (PDF) · May 2015 (with 169 Reads till 3 Nov 2017)

 

173. Structural Insights at the Atomic Level of Important Materials: Al and Mn as special examples in honor of D. Shechtman.
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0003; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0003v2.pdf
replaced on 2015-06-02 13:13:34
, (204 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)

http://www.flogen.org/sips2015/cv.php?page=2&p=Raji_Heyrovska&e=rheyrovs@hotmail.com&pi=308 (Keynote talk: SIPS 2015, Antalya, Turkey, October 2015)

 

174. Sorry Bohr, Ground State Energy of Hydrogen Atom is Not Negative.
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0064; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0064v1.pdf
replaced on 2015-06-11 01:42:04
, (282 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)

 

175. Simple Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Bond Angles in Stratospheric Chlorine Monoxide and Peroxide Based on Atomic and Ionic Radii.
R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1507.0190 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1507.0190v1.pdf
submitted on 2015-07-25 13:20:22
, (117 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)

 

176. The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite
R. Heyrovska http://www.vixra.org/abs/1601.0273 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1601.0273v2.pdf
replaced on 2016-01-26 06:30:54
, (117 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)

 

177. A Simple and Precise Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Angles in Diborane in Terms of Atomic and Ionic Radii. - Dedicated to Dmitri Mendeleev -(8 Feb.1834 - 2 Feb 1907) on his birth anniversary.
R. Heyrovska,  http://www.vixra.org/abs/1602.0091; http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1602.0091v1.pdf
submitted on 2016-02-08 08:26:14, (149 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)

 

178. The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite. - Dedicated to geo-carbon expert, Prof. Gustaf Arrhenius, of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, CA. (Full article)

R. Heyrovska Graphene, 5, 35-38, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/graphene.2016.52004 DOI: 10.4236/graphene.2016.52004

DOI: 10.4236/graphene.2016.52004    1,821 Downloads   2,171 Views 

(Feb 2016 till 3 Nov 2017)

179. A Simple and Exact Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Stacking Distances in Benzene and its Dimers in Terms of Atomic Covalent Radii - Dedicated to organic chemist, Prof. P.R. Ayyar*, I.I.Sc.,Bangalore, on the 50th anniversary of his demise
R. Heyrovska,  http://www.vixra.org/abs/1602.0348 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1602.0348v2.pdf 
replaced on 2016-02-27 13:29:31, (93 unique-IP downloads till
2 Nov 2017)

180. Unified Thermodynamics for All Concentrations of Electrolytes Based on Hydration and Partial Dissociation (Without Activity Coefficients, 1995-)

R. Heyrovska 229th ECS Meeting, http://www.electrochem.org/229, May 29-June 2, 2016 | San Diego, CA, Abstract #72574
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305082740 ; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1669.2724

Presentation (PDF) · May 2016 (with 81 Reads till 3 Nov 2017)

181. Absolute Potentials of the Standard Hydrogen Electrode (4.20 V), Standard Reference Electrodes & Aqueous Redox Couples of Elements
R. Heyrovska 229th ECS Meeting, http://www.electrochem.org/229, May 29-June 2, 2016 | San Diego, CA, Abstract #72655

 

182. Solution Chemistry Simplified Based on Arrhenius' Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation and Hydration For all Concentrations - Collected  research work, dedicated to Svante August Arrhenius (1859 – 1927).
R. Heyrovska  http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0133
; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0133v1.pdf (

submitted on 2016-03-08 13:15:37, (242 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017).


183. Absolute Potentials of the Standard Hydrogen Electrode, Reference Electrodes and Aqueous Redox Couples of Elements of Gps. I –VIII
- Collected work dedicated to the pioneers, Volta, Davy and Faraday.
R. Heyrovska; http://www.vixra.org/abs/1603.0168
; http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1603.0168v1.pdf
submitted on 2016-03-10 13:50:13
, (73 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)


184. Simple and Exact Additivity of Atomic and Ionic Radii in Various Types of Bonds in Small as Well as Large Molecules - Collected work dedicated to John Dalton (1766 – 1844) in commemoration of his 250th birth anniversary.

R. Heyrovska; http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0199
; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0199v1.pdf (

submitted on 2016-03-13 08:00:26, (94 unique-IP downloadstill 2 Nov 2017)


185.
A New Linear Equation Relating Interfacial Tension of Mercury and Isotension Potentials Describing Asymmetry in Electrocapillary Curves - Dedicated to the polarographer, Prof. J. Heyrovsky* (Dec. 20, 1890 – Mar. 27, 1967).
R. Heyrovska; http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0359; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0359v1.pdf

submitted on 2016-03-25 15:38:36, (58 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)


186. Communication--A Linear Equation Relating Interfacial Tension and Isotension Potentials to Describe Asymmetry in Electrocapillary Curves

R. Heyrovska http://jes.ecsdl.org/cgi/content/abstract/163/8/H639; doi: 10.1149/2.0301608jes
J. Electrochem. Soc. 2016 volume 163, issue 8, H639-H641 (Open access article)

187. Linear Dependence on Covalent Radii of Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements Calculated by Rahm, Hoffmann and Ashcroft – Dedicated to Alfred B. Nobel
(21 Oct.1833 – 10 Dec.1896) to commemorate the 120th Anniversary of his demise

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0173 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0173v1.pdf

submitted on 2016-12-09 11:06:17, (32 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)

188.
New Simple Relations Connecting Bond Lengths, Lattice Parameters and Bohr Radii for the Biologically Important Elements, C, N, O, P and S – Dedicated to Sir J.J. Thomson ((18 Dec 1856 - 30 Aug 1940) to commemorate his 160th Birth Anniversary

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0290 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0290v1.pdf (full text) submitted on 2016-12-18 15:00:49, (82 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)


189. Coulomb’s Law is Not Violated in Anion Dimers as Reported by Fatila et al
- Dedicated to Charles-Augustin de Coulomb (14 June 1736 – 23 August 1806)

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0325 (abstract), http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0325v1.pdf (full text) submitted on 2016-12-24 01:22:28, (30 unique-IP downloads till 21 July 2017)

190. Bohr Radius as the Sum of Golden Sections Pertaining to the Electron and Proton, Covalent Bond Lengths Between Same Two Atoms as Exact Sums of Their Cationic and Anionic Radii and Additivity of Atomic and or Ionic Radii in Bond Lengths – Collected work dedicated to Johannes Kepler (1571 - 1630).
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1709.0066 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1709.0066v1.pdf (full text) submitted on 2017-09-06 09:58:56, (34 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)

 

191. Simple Relation Between Proton Radius, Bohr Radius and Fine Structure Constant.

R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1710.0105 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0105v1.pdf (full text) submitted on 2017-10-09 11:39:01, (43 unique-IP downloads till 2 Nov 2017)

192. Proton radius related to Bohr radius and fine structure constant.
R. Heyrovska, E-Letter (online: 10 October 2017; also reply to comments on 23 October) In: Science  06 Oct 2017:Vol. 358, Issue 6359, pp. 79-85, DOI: 10.1126/science.aah6677

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/358/6359/79/tab-e-letters


193. Thermodynamics of Redox and Solubility Equilibria Based on Hydration and Partial Dissociation of Electrolytes.
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1710.0322 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0322v1.pdf (full text) submitted on 2017-10-29 10:35:56, (32 unique-IP downloads till 3 Nov 2017)  

194. Response to “Comment on ‘Physical Electrochemistry of Strong Electrolytes Based on Partial Dissociation and Hydration’ [J. Electrochem. Soc., 143, 1789 (1996)]”

R. Heyrovska, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 164 (13) Y15-Y15 (2017); http://jes.ecsdl.org/content/164/13/Y15.full

195. An Estimate of the Mass of Neutrinos from Nuclear Mass Defects.

R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1711.0405 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1711.0405v1.pdf (full text)

 

196. Comments on The Pitzer Equations Formulated on the Assumption of Complete Dissociation of Strong Electrolytes
R. Heyrovska
, http://vixra.org/abs/1712.0001 (abstract), http://vixra.org/pdf/1712.0001v1.pdf (full text)


197. A Simultaneous Interpretation of Existing Data on Non-Ideality of Gases and Solutions; Simple Equations of State Without Empirical Concepts and Parameters; Langmuir Isotherm for Three Dimensions (Dedicated to the Memory of J.H. Van’t Hoff)
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1712.0125 (abstract);  http://vixra.org/pdf/1712.0125v1.pdf (full text)

198.
Bulk and Surface Hydration Numbers and Degrees of Dissociation of NaCl in Aqueous Solutions at 25oC for all Concentrations
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1801.0094 (abstract), http://vixra.org/pdf/1801.0094v1.pdf (full text: [v1] 2018-01-08)


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Collected research work (Topic I): (63 refs to author’s work)


Solution Chemistry Simplified Based on Arrhenius' Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation and Hydration For all Concentrations - Dedicated to Svante Arrhenius (1859 – 1927).

Raji Heyrovska 
http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0133  (Unique-IP document downloads: 194 times, 8 March 2016 till 21 July 2017)

http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0133v1.pdf

(See Refs. 180 & 182 above)


Abstract: Arrhenius theory of partial dissociation of electrolytes rose to its heights and fame when he was awarded the Nobel Prize (1903). While the theory was still being developed to account for the non-ideal properties of electrolytes at higher concentrations, it was unfortunately replaced by Lewis’ empirical concepts of activity and activity coefficients. With the near success of the Debye-Huckel theory of inter-ionic interactions for very dilutions, the latter was erroneously extended over the next few decades by extended parametrical equations to higher concentrations assuming complete dissociation at all concentrations. This eventually turned solution theory into a mere catalogue of parameters. Therefore, the present author abandoned it all and started systematically analyzing the available experimental data as such. She found that with the degrees of dissociation and ‘surface’ and ‘bulk’ hydration numbers obtained from vapor pressure data, properties of electrolytes could be explained quantitatively over the whole concentration range, using simple mathematical equations.

Meeting presentation in power point:

Raji Heyrovska 229th ECS Meeting, http://www.electrochem.org/229, May 29-June 2, 2016, San Diego, CA, Abstract #72574. Presentation (PDF) · May 2016 in:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305082740 ;
DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1669.2724

Presentation (PDF) · May 2016(with  77 Reads till 21 July 2017)


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Collected research work (Topic II): (8 refs to author’s work)

 

Absolute Potentials of the Standard Hydrogen Electrode, Reference Electrodes and Aqueous Redox Couples of Elements of Gps. I –VIII - Dedicated to the pioneers, Volta, Davy and Faraday.

Raji Heyrovska
http://www.vixra.org/abs/1603.0168  (Unique-IP document downloads: 53 times, 10 March 2016 till 21 July 2017)

http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1603.0168v1.pdf

(See Refs 139 & 183 above)
 

Abstract: Electrochemical potentials are conventionally referred to that of the standard hydrogen electrode (SHE) arbitrarily as zero, in the absence of the knowledge of the latter. More than two centuries after Volta, the author demonstrated for the first time, a new simple linear relation between the gaseous ionization potentials (I) and the aqueous standard redox potentials using existing data for the elements of various Groups in the Periodic Table. All these straight lines (except for Gp. VII) converged to one point at I = 0, yielding the absolute potential of SHE as 4.20 (+/- 0.03) V. For halogens (Gp. VII), the value was found to be 2.87 (+/-0.01) V. This enabled converting the existing standard potential data into absolute potentials. Since the gaseous ionization potentials are inversely proportional to the Bohr radius, an extension of the idea to absolute aqueous redox potentials enabled estimating the radii of redox components in solution and correlating them with their covalent radii.


Meeting presentation in power point:

Raji Heyrovska, MEM 2009 conference, dedicated to Prof. J. Heyrovsky on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the award of the Nobel Prize for Polarography, Prague, 9-13 Dec 2009: http://www.natur.cuni.cz/heyrovsky; Conference Proceedings: Chemicke Listy, 103 (2009) OP-10, s238: (Abstract). (In English). Both in ppt & pdf in:
Nature Precedings (2010) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4354/version/1;

http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4354/version/1; doi:10.1038/npre.2010.4354.1

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...................................................................................................................………………………


Collected research work (Topic III): (55 refs to author’s work)

Simple and Exact Additivity of Atomic and Ionic Radii in Various Types of Bonds in Small as Well as Large Molecules - Dedicated to John Dalton (1766 – 1844) in commemoration of his 250th birth anniversary.

Raji Heyrovska
http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0199 (Unique-IP document downloads: 82 times, 13 March 2016 till 21 July 2017)

http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0199v1.pdf
(See Ref 184 above)


Abstract:
The nature of the chemical bond has intrigued many a mind. Bohr’s theory of the hydrogen atom, which celebrated its centennial recently, gave the correct value but a negative sign for the energy. As this would imply that the energy of the Universe, which consists of 70% hydrogen, is negative, the author was dissatisfied with it. So she proposed a modified approach to the problem, which showed that the energy is positive. Moreover, she found that the Bohr radius is divided into two Golden sections pertaining to the electron and proton. This idea cascaded into the finding that all bond lengths in small as well as large molecules are simply exact sums of the appropriate atomic and or Golden ratio based ionic radii of adjacent atoms or ions. Over the years, this has proved to be correct for various types of bonds, including hydrogen bonds, bonds in graphite and in benzene dimers.

Meeting presentation in power point:

Raji Heyrovska, 113th Statistical Mechanics Conference in honor of three renowned Physicists, Rutgers University, Hill Center, May 10-12, 2015, Program of Conference, Abstract B2, p 22. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281270357
..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Collected research work (Topic IV): (40 refs to author’s work)


Bohr Radius as the Sum of Golden Sections Pertaining to the Electron and Proton, Covalent Bond Lengths Between Same Two Atoms as Exact Sums of Their Cationic and Anionic Radii and Additivity of Atomic and or Ionic Radii in Bond Lengths – Collected work dedicated to Johannes Kepler (1571 - 1630).


Raji Heyrovska

http://vixra.org/abs/1709.0066 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1709.0066v1.pdf (full text)

(See Ref 190 above)


Abstract:
The author has shown over a decade ago that the energy of the hydrogen atom is actually positive (not negative as per Bohr). In Bohr’s treatment, the energy amounts to half the Coulombic energy between an electron and a proton, and hence is negative. The present author considered an alternate approach: the ionization potential as the difference in the potentials of the electron and proton at a distance of the Bohr radius. This makes the energy positive and it has the same magnitude as given by Bohr’s equation. Moreover, Bohr radius was found to be divided into two Golden sections pertaining to the proton and electron. Further, all covalent bond lengths amounted to exact sums of the Golden ratio based cationic and anionic radii. Bond lengths were shown to be simple sums of atomic and or ionic radii. This article is a collection of the author’s work.

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Comments
(1-14 by
and 15 on R. Heyrovska)

1. Comments by Raji Heyrovska on: Decoding DNA: New Twists and Turns (February, 2014):
http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/33846/title/Decoding-DNA--New-Twists-and-Turns/


2. Response to The Birthplace of Electrochemistry: (September 2014):
http://www.ecsblog.org/announcements/education/the-birthplace-of-electrochemistry/


3. Comments
by Raji Heyrovska on: New Tabletop detector "sees" single electrons (April 2015)
https://disqus.com/home/discussion/mitnews/new_tabletop_detector_sees_single_electrons/


4. Comments
by Raji Heyrovska on: "Passion is just the start", Science 17 July 2015: Vol. 349 no. 6245 pp. 217-217.
http://comments.sciencemag.org/content/10.1126/science.aac9472#comments


5. Comment(2)
by Raji Heyrovska on: Lasker prizes recognize Ebola response, DNA damage, and cancer research (8 September 2015), Science| DOI: 10.1126/science.aad1722
http://news.sciencemag.org/people-events/2015/09/lasker-prizes-recognize-ebola-response-dna-damage-and-cancer-research#disqus_thread


6. Comments: 

by Raji Heyrovska http://cen.acs.org/articles/93/web/2015/10/Tomas-Lindahl-Paul-Modrich-Aziz-Sancar-Win-2015-Nobel-Prize-Chemistry-DNA-Repair.html
Raji Heyrovska  (October 14, 2015 9:52 AM)
Congrats to excellent DNA chemists! It might be of interest to the readers to see the detailed atomic structure of DNA at: http://arxiv.org/abs/0708.1271v4 and of DNA damage at: http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6891/version/1


7. Comments:
by Raji Heyrovska

http://cen.acs.org/articles/93/web/2015/10/Arthur-B-McDonald-Takaaki-Kajita-Win-2015-Nobel-Prize-in-Physics.html?hootPostID=76671a797f3c9a71dde4eff6353b699a
Raji Heyrovska  (October 14, 2015 9:59 AM) 
Congrats to excellent physicists! For an estimation of the mass of neutrinos/antineutrinos from nuclear mass defects, see: http://www.jh-inst.cas.cz/~rheyrovs/signif.htm#TVIII


8
. Authors forgot the reference to Raji Heyrovska in
Trends Biomater. Artif. Organs, 25(3), 91-94 (2011), http://www.sbaoi.org; Blood Compatibility and Biomedical Applications of Graphene by Willi Paul and Chandra P. Sharma: http://medind.nic.in/taa/t11/i3/taat11i3p91.pdf
Missing Reference to Fig. 2 by Raji Heyrovska, http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/0804/0804.4086.pdf
See also related Figure 4 by Raji Heyrovska, http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1004/1004.2667.pdf

9.
Comments:
by Raji Heyrovska
http://www.electrochem.org/2015/02/18/google-celebrates-electrochemistry/

HAPPY BIRTHDAY VOLTA

February 26, 2015 at 11:30 am

10.
Comments:

(by Raji heyrovska, 28 Jan 2016) in:
http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news
Graphene means business…(06 Nov 2015)
http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/graphene-means-business-two-dimensional-material-moves-from-the-lab-to-the-uk-factory-floor


11. Comments:

by Raji Heyrovska in: New type of hydrogen bond discovered (Chemistry World,  9th March 2016)
http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2016/03/new-hydrogen-bond-non-classical-boron-aromatic-benzene


12. Comments: 

by Raji Heyrovska

In Chem & Engg News, Volume 93 Issue 44 | pp. 28-29, Issue Date: November 9, 2015

Raji Heyrovska (October 5, 2017 7:17 AM)

https://cen.acs.org/articles/93/i44/Cryo-electron-Microscopy-Breaks-Crystal.html


13. Comments:
by Raji Heyrovska
In Nature News, 5 October 2017,

Comment 2017-10-10 11:52 AM

http://www.nature.com/news/proton-size-puzzle-deepens-1.22760

14. Comments:
by Raji Heyrovska,
In Nature, Comment (2017-11-02 02:45 PM)

https://www.nature.com/news/the-new-thermodynamics-how-quantum-physics-is-bending-the-rules-1.22937

15. Comments:
on Raji Heyrovska's work:

“While twentieth-century physicists were not able to identify any convincing mathematical constants underlying the fine structure, partly because such thinking has normally not been encouraged, a revolutionary suggestion was recently made by the Czech physicist Raji Heyrovska, who deduced that the fine structure constant, experimentally determined as 1/137.036, really is defined by the ratio f2/360, which equals 1/137.508....”: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/7045882-the-purposeful-universe



 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................


Articles (32) on the 'Golden ratio-based ionic radii' and 'additivity of atomic and ionic radii' in the bond lengths of 'all' molecules


The Golden Ratio in Atomic Architecture:

1. The Golden Ratio, Ionic and Atomic Radii and Bond Lengths
R. Heyrovska, Special Issue of Molecular Physics, 103 (2005) 877 - 882. (and the literature therein to author's earlier work)

*2. Fine Structure Constant, Anomalous Magnetic Moment, Relativity Factor and the Golden Ratio that Divides the Bohr Radius
R. Heyrovska and  S. Narayan,
arXiv:physics/0509207 [pdf] (2005).

3. Dependence of Ion-water Distances on Covalent Radii, Ionic Radii in Water and Distances of Oxygen and Hydrogen of Water from Ion/water Boundaries
R. Heyrovska,
Chemical Physics Letters, 429 (2006) 600 - 605.

4.  Dependence of the Length of the Hydrogen Bond on the Covalent and Cationic Radii of Hydrogen, and Additivity of Bonding Distances
R. Heyrovska, Chemical Physics Letters, 432 (2006) 348 - 351.
 

5. Dependences of Molar Volumes in Solids, Partial Molal and Hydrated Ionic Volumes of Alkali Halides on Covalent and Ionic Radii and the Golden Ratio.
R. Heyrovska,
Chemical Physics Letters, 436 (2007) 287 - 293.

*6. Atomic Structures of Molecules Based on Additivity of Atomic and/or Ionic Radii.
R. Heyrovska and S. Narayan, AIP Conference Proceedings 1119 (2009) 216; Editor(s): Beverly Karplus Hartline, Renee K. Horton, Catherine M. Kaicher.3rd IUPAP International Conference on Women In Physics 2008, Seoul, South Korea, 7th -10th of October, 2008
;
Nature Precedings http://precedings.nature.com/documents/3292/version/1 (2009).

7. Various Carbon to Carbon Bond Lengths Inter-related via the Golden Ratio, and their Linear Dependence on Bond Energies.
R. Heyrovska,
arXiv:0809.1957 [pdf] (2008)

8. The Golden ratio in the Creations of Nature Arises in the Architecture of Atoms and Ions.
R. Heyrovska,
Proceedings of the 9th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, Antalya, Turkey, September 2006:
Chapter 12 in Book: "Innovations in Chemical Biology", Editor: Bilge Sener, Springer.com, January 2009: (Full text of Invited Lecture)

9. Golden Sections of Interatomic Distances as Exact Ionic Radii and Additivity of Atomic and Ionic Radii in Chemical Bonds.
R. Heyrovska,
arXiv:0902.1184 [pdf] (2009)

10
. Golden Sections of Inter-atomic Distances as Exact Ionic Radii of Atoms.
R. Heyrovska,
Nature Precedings http://precedings.nature.com/documents/2929/version/1 (2009). See also the ref. above.

11. Structures at the Atomic Level of Cobalt, Zinc and Lead Niobates (with an Appendix: Atomic structure of cobalt niobate crystal).
R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings <http://hdl.handle.net/10101/npre.2011.6059.2> (2011)

12. Structures of molecules at the atomic level: Caffeine and related compounds
R. Heyrovska and S. Narayan, Philippine Journal of Science, 140(2): 119-124, 2011 (Full paper) in English 

13. Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials are Linked Through the Golden Ratio.
R. Heyrovska, International J. Sciences., Vol 2, 82-92, Issue-Mar-2013. http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201303-19.pdf (297 downloads till 14 Jan 2015)

14. Bond lengths, Bond angles and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials Related via the Golden Ratio for H2+, O2, O3, H2O, SO2, NO2 and CO2.
R. Heyrovska, International J. Sciences., Vol 2, 1-4, Issue-Apr-2013, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-08.pdf
(665 downloads till 14 Jan 2015)

15. Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii Linked via the Golden Ratio for Elements Including Lanthanides and Actinides
R. Heyrovska, International J. Sciences., Vol 2, 63-68, Issue-Apr-2013, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-18.pdf  (463 downloads till 14 Jan 2015).

16.
Atomic, ionic and Bohr radii linked via the golden ratio for the elements in DNA: C, N, O, P and H

R. Heyrovska,
"XIII. Meeting of physical chemists and electrochemists "and" VII. Electrochemical Summer School", Mendel University, Brno, May 2013.
Theme: "60 years DNA: 1953 - 2013
"


17. Golden Ratio Based Fine Structure Constant and Rydberg Constant for Hydrogen Spectra

R. Heyrovska, International J. Sciences., Vol 2, 28-31, Issue-May-2013, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201305-08.pdf (331 downloads till 14 Jan 2015).


18. Bond Lengths in Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide and Carbonic Acid as Sums of Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii.
-
Dedicated to Joseph Black (April 1728 - December 1799)

R. Heyrovska, International J. Sciences., Vol 2, 30-32, Issue-Dec-2013, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V220131214.pdf

(124 downloads till 14 Jan 2015)


19. The Golden Ratio In Atomic Architecture (Keynote talk)
R. Heyrovska "Shechtman International Symposium, Cancun, Mexico, 29 June - 3 July 2014"; http://www.flogen.org/ShechtmanSymposium/plenary_abst.php?page=2&p=Raji_Heyrovska&e=rheyrovs@hotmail.com&pi=124


20..Bond Lengths as Exact Sums of the Radii of Adjacent Atoms and or Ions in the Structures of Molecules (Lead Lecture)
R. Heyrovska, 13th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, 14-18 December, 2014, I.I.Sc., Bangalore, India: Lead Lecture: 17th December 2014, Abstract number 165. http://eurasia13.org/abstract-file/abstract/CTC/IL/1.pdf

21. New Interpretation of the Structure and Formation of Ozone Based on the Atomic and Golden Ratio Based Ionic Radii of Oxygen

R. Heyrovska, http://viXra.org/abs/1503.0269, http://vixra.org/pdf/1503.0269v1.pdf


22.
The Golden ratio, a key geometrical constant in atomic architecture

R. Heyrovska, 113th Statistical Mechanics Conference, Rutgers University, Hill Center, May 10-12, 2015, Program of Conference, Abstract B2, p 22. ttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/281270357

23. Structural Insights at the Atomic Level of Important Materials: Al and Mn as special examples in honor of D. Shechtman
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0003; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0003v2.pdf


24. Sorry Bohr, Ground State Energy of Hydrogen Atom is Not Negative

R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0064; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0064v1.pdf


25. 
Simple Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Bond Angles in Stratospheric Chlorine Monoxide and Peroxide Based on Atomic and Ionic Radii

R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1507.0190 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1507.0190v1.pdf

26. The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1601.0273?ref=8736553; http://vixra.org/pdf/1601.0273v2.pdf
Cover photo in Graphene April 2016 issue: http://file.scirp.org/pdf/Graphene_05_02_Content_2016022615134040.pdf


27
.
A Simple and Precise Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Angles in Diborane in Terms of Atomic and Ionic Radii. - Dedicated to Dmitri Mendeleev
(8 Feb.1834 -
2 Feb 1907) on his birth anniversary.
R. Heyrovska 
http://www.vixra.org/abs/1602.0091; http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1602.0091v1.pdf


28.
The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite. - Dedicated to geo-carbon expert, Prof. Gustaf Arrhenius, of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, CA. (Full article)
R. Heyrovska,  Graphene, 5, 35-38, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/graphene.2016.52004

29. Linear Dependence on Covalent Radii of Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements Calculated by Rahm, Hoffmann and Ashcroft Dedicated to Alfred B. Nobel
(21 Oct.1833 – 10 Dec.1896) to commemorate the 120th Anniversary of his demise

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0173 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0173v1.pdf


30.
Bohr Radius as the Sum of Golden Sections Pertaining to the Electron and Proton, Covalent Bond Lengths Between Same Two Atoms as Exact Sums of Their Cationic and Anionic Radii and Additivity of Atomic and or Ionic Radii in Bond Lengths – Collected work dedicated to Johannes Kepler (1571 - 1630).
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1709.0066 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1709.0066v1.pdf (full text)


31. Simple Relation Between Proton Radius, Bohr Radius and Fine Structure Constant

R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1710.0105 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0105v1.pdf (full text)


32. Proton radius related to Bohr radius and fine structure constant
R. Heyrovska, E-Letter (online: 10 October 2017) In: Science  06 Oct 2017:Vol. 358, Issue 6359, pp. 79-85, DOI: 10.1126/science.aah6677

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/358/6359/79/tab-e-letters


..................................................................................................................................................................................................


Articles/abstracts/citations available/listed on the web
(updated: 3 Nov. 2017):

Full texts of publications/scientific contributions are in:


Full texts (16) in: http://arxiv.org/

http://arxiv.org/find/all/1/all:+Heyrovska/0/1/0/all/0/1

 

Full texts (14) in: http://precedings.nature.com/

http://precedings.nature.com/ http://precedings.nature.com/search?query=Heyrovska

 

Full texts (20) till 6 Dec 2017 (with number of downloads) in: http://vixra.org/author/raji_heyrovska

 

Full text (1) (Heyrovska) in: http://biorxiv.org;
bioRxiv doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/002022
http://biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2014/01/23/002022.full.pdf

Full text (1) in: The Open Structural Biology Journal, 2008, 2, 1-7
http://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/TOSBJ-2-1; Electronic publication date /2/2008
[DOI: 10.2174/1874199100802010001]
http://benthamopen.com/contents/pdf/TOSBJ/TOSBJ-2-1.pdf


Full texts (6) (Heyrovska) in: http://www.ijsciences.com


Full texts (Raji Heyrovska) in:

http://www.oalib.com/search?kw=Raji%20Heyrovska&searchField=authors

216 articles for downloading (open access)


https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=omuGerQAAAAJ&hl=en
Listed: 117 articles (Raji Heyrovska)

 

Some papers are listed in: (till 3 Nov. 2017):

 

http://www.researchgate.net (Raji Heyrovska):

78 Research items (some full texts);  4,694 Reads; 309 Citations (till 3 Dec 2017)

https://independent.academia.edu/RajiHeyrovska (21 papers, 421 views)

 

http://orcid.org/ (Raji Heyrovska: 20)

 

Abstracts & citations in:

https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=omuGerQAAAAJ&hl=en (Raji Heyrovska: 117)

http://pubs.acs.org/action/doSearch?AllField=Heyrovska (Heyrovska: 40) 


http://www.chemistryguide.org (Heyrovska: 8)


https://academic.microsoft.com/ (Raji Heyrovska: 88)


http://worldwidescience.org/ Raji Heyrovska (236)


http://www.scienceresearch.com/ Heyrovska (853)


https://disqus.com/by/rajiheyrovska/(Raji Heyrovska: 3)

 

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Many Citations in:

https://www.google.cz/ (Raji Heyrovska: 4220)

https://scholar.google.cz/ (Raji Heyrovska: 121)


www.bing.com
(Raji Heyrovska: 4020 R. Heyrovska: 5860 )