Dr. Rajalakshmi Heyrovska
Raji Heyrovska, B.Sc., M.Sc. (I.I.Sc., Bangalore, India), Ph.D. (Univ. of Cambridge, U.K.)

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic (former).
and Private Research Scientist (current)
E-mail: rheyrovs@hotmail.com
rheyrovs@gmail.com
http://www.jh-inst.cas.cz/~rheyrovs

List of publications / research contributions (191) (till 26 Dec. 2016)

Significant results

Biodata (with sublinks)

Complete restoration of the electrolytic dissociation theory due to Arrhenius (breakthrough work):
Full paper: "Partial Dissociation and Hydration of NaCl (aq.) at 25oC from Zero to Saturation"

R. Heyrovska, J. Electrochem. Soc., 143 (1996) 1789-1793.

Review papers in:

Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361;
Current Topics in Electrochemistry
, 16, (2011) 47-56;

Special Issue, Structural Chemistry, online: March 2013, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11224-01;
Structural Chem. (2013) 24: 1895-1901; DOI 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7

Latest conference presentation in 229th ECS Meeting, San Diego, May 2016
(20th anniversary of the first full paper in JES, 1996):
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305082740 ; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1669.2724

Complete collection of papers on partial dissociation and hydration in:
http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0133; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0133v1.pdf


Tables of Degrees of Dissociation, Surface and Bulk hydration numbers of Strong Electrolytes at Various Concentrations in Aqueous Solutions at 25oC

Data here in Tables (1 - 4) below pertain to:
R. Heyrovska, Chemicke Listy, 92 (1998) 157-166;
Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361 (Many tables of data)

Table 1: Halogen acids, perchloric acid, nitric acid.
Table 2: Alkali hydroxides, lithium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate.
Table 3: Alkali nitrates, sodium thiocyante, potassium thiocyanate.
Table 4: Alkali acetates and ammonium chloride.

Data in Table 5 here are from:
R. Heyrovska, http://www.electrochem.org/dl/ma/196/pdfs/2041.PDF(1999);
Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351-361
Table 5: Monovalent sulfates.

Tables I-III: Degrees of Dissociation and (Surface and Bulk) Hydration Numbers for all Alkali Halides are in:
R. Heyrovska, Croatica Chemica Acta, 70 (1997) 39 - 54.

R. Heyrovska, Text of the Invitation Plenary Lecture: "Yes Arrhenius, Electrolytes are Indeed Partially Dissociated in Solutions at all Concentrations" in: "Symposium Svante Arrhenius", The Svedberg Hall, Uppsala, Sweden, 27 – 29 November, 2003, sponsored by the Nobel Committees of Chemistry and Physics to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the award of the Nobel Prize to Arrhenius in 1903.
Full text also in:
http://almaz.com/nobel/chemistry/1903a.html
Also, full paper with additional Tables of Degrees of Dissociation and (Surface and Bulk) Hydration Numbers are in:
R. Heyrovska, Special Issue of Electroanalysis, 18 (2006) 351 - 361.

A Magnetic Correction?
R. Heyrovska's talk (abstracted by T. Lassman): Chemical Heritage, 20 (2002) 38.

Last 54 publications (till 26 December 2016) (numbers are as in the full list of publications):

136. Absolute Potentials of the Hydrogen Electrode and of Aqueous Redox Couples. (breakthrough work)
R. Heyrovska,
Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters 12 (issue 10) (2009) F29-F30; http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.3186645;

http://esl.ecsdl.org/content/12/10.toc


137. Absolute Aqueous Redox Potentials (via a New Link Between Aqueous and Gaseous Properties).
R. Heyrovska, a)
9th workshop of physical chemists and electrochemists, Brno, June 2009; http://www.chemi.muni.cz/~libuse/setkani2009/index.html
b) Nature Precedings (2009) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/3395/version/1; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2009.3395; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2009.3395.1 Full text of presentation in English.

138. Absolute Redox Potentials Found to be Inversely Propotional to the Bohr Radius.
R. Heyrovska, 216th ECS Meeting, Vienna, Austria, October 2009, Meeting Abstr. Electrochem. Soc. 902, 3067, 2009.
ECS Trans.
, 25, 159-163, 2010.

139. Absolute Potentials of Standard Reference Electrodes at 25 0C
R. Heyrovska, MEM 2009 conference, dedicated to Prof. J. Heyrovsky on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the award of the
Nobel Prize for Polarography, Prague, 9-13 Decmber 2009:
http://www.natur.cuni.cz/heyrovsky; Conference Proceedings: Chemicke Listy, 103 (2009) OP-10, s238: (Abstract).
Nature Precedings (2010) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4354/version/1; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2010.4354; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2010.4354.1

OP-10, p. s238, Proceedings of the Modern Electroanalytical Methods 2009, Prague, Czech 13-Republic, 9- December 2009, Department of Chemistry,
Faculty of Science, Charles University, Editors: J. Barek, K. Nesměrák,
http://web.natur.cuni.cz/heyrovsky/Heyrovsky2009 Proceedings complete.pdf


140.
Radii of redox components from absolute redox potentials compared with covalent and aqueous ionic radii
R. Heyrovska, Electroanalysis, Published online; 4 March 2010; 22, Issue 9 (May), (2010) 903 - 907; http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elan.200900503;

http://www.academicconcepts.net/concepts/424/ionic_radiu.htm


141. Bonding Distances as 
Exact Sums of the Radii of the Constituent Atoms in Nanomaterials - Boron Nitride and Coronene.
R. Heyrovska,
arXiv:1004.2667 [pdf] (2010); http://arxiv.org/abs/1004.2667v2

*142. Precsie Atomic Structures of Three Novel Nanomaterials in Nanotechnology, Biomedicine and Cosmology: Graphene, Boron Nitride and Coronene.
R. Heyrovska, L. Atchison, S. Narayan,
The Nanomaterials Symposium, 19 April, 2010, JHU/APL Kossiakoff Center, MD. (Poster);
Nature Precedings (2010) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4357/version/1; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2010.4357

143. New Equations for Atomic Mass, Mass per Nucleon and Mass defects of Elements in Terms of Rest Mass Based Neutron Numbers.
R. Heyrovska,
Nature Precedings (2010) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4547/version/1

144. Additivity of covalent and or ionic radii in the atomic structure of molecules            
R. Heyrovska
, 11th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, 6-10 October 2010, The Dead Sea - Jordan (Invited talk)


145. Absolute Potentials of the Hydrogen Electrode and of Redox Couples. 
     
R. Heyrovska
,
11th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, 6-10 October 2010, The Dead Sea - Jordan (Poster)


146.
Comments on Graphene       
R. Heyrovska
Nature 467, 642 (2010); doi:10.1038/467642a; Published online 5 October 2010;

http://www.nature.com/news/2010/101005/full/467642a.html#comment-id-14696


147.
Gender discrimination is a drawback for the progress of science
R. Heyrovska, Symposium: International Women in Science, Challenges and Triumphs, International Year of Chemistry 2011,
ACS Spring Meeting March 2011, Anaheim, CA, USA. (Invited talk)
http://www.chemistry2011.org/participate/activities/show?id=153
http://www.softconference.com/ACSchem/player.asp?PVQ=HGFE&fVQ=FIDDGM&hVQ


*148.
Precise atomic structures of two important molecules in biochemistry: Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and aspirin (acetyl salicylic acid)
R. Heyrovska, L. Atchison and S. Narayan, International Year of Chemistry 2011, ACS Spring Meeting March 2011, Anaheim, CA, USA. (Poster)
Nature Precedings (2011) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/5966/version/1; http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2011.5966.1


149.
Balmer and Rydberg equations for hydrogen spectra revisited

R. Heyrovska, http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1105/1105.4366.pdf (2011)


150.
Disorder & structureless are seeming notions, since there is order at the atomic level
R. Heyrovska, Nature http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110309/full/471151a.html#comment-id-24648
(Comment posted on: 2011-06-27)


151.
Structures at the Atomic Level of Cobalt, Zinc and Lead Niobates (with an Appendix: Atomic structure of cobalt niobate crystal).
R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2011), http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6059/version/2
 

152. Atomic and molecular structures of positronium, dipositronium and positronium hydride
R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2011) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6290/version/1


153.
Partial dissociation and hydration quantitatively explain the properties of aqueous electrolyte solutions and hence
empirical activity concepts are unnecessary. (Dedicated to Svante Arrhenius on the occasion of IYC 2011)

R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2011) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6416/version/1;

154. Arrhenius' theory of partial dissociation and hydration of electrolytes in solutions replaces existing activity concepts
R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2011) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6416/version/2


*155.
Structures of molecules at the atomic level: Caffeine and related compounds
R. Heyrovska and S. Narayan, Philippine Journal of Science, 140(2): 119-124, 2011 (Full paper) in English

156. Precise Molecular Structures of Cysteine, Cystine, Hydrogen-Bonded Dicysteine, Cysteine Dipeptide,
Glutathione and Acetyl Cysteine Based on Additivity of Atomic Radii.

R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2011) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6692/version/1

157. New insight into DNA damage by cisplatin at the atomic scale

R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings (2012)  http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6891/version/1  
Presented at: the 12th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, Corfu, Greece, April 16-21, 2012. Abstract in:
http://eurasia12.uoi.gr/Abstracts_pdf/%281%29%20Bioinorganic/S1%20ORAL/OP8_Abstract_Heyrovska_Eurasia12.pdf
Photo: http://eurasia12.uoi.gr/images/photos/conf/P4162678.JPG


158.
Arrhenius' theory of partial dissociation and hydration completely replace existing ideas of activity and complete dissociation of electrolytes in solutions.

R. Heyrovska  Current Topics in Electrochemistry, 16, 47-56, 2011;
http://www.researchtrends.net/tia/abstract.asp?in=0&vn=16&tid=19&aid=3459&pub=2011&type=3

159. Precise Atomic Structures of L-DOPA, Dopamine, Noradrenaline, Adrenaline, Isoprenaline, 5-HTP, Serotonin and Histamine with Bond Lengths as Exact Sums of Adjacent Atomic Radii.
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 11(2012):1-9 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/84; http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V1-201211-16.pdf  ( Views: 702, Downloads: 426, Nov 2012 till 11 Dec. 2016 ).

160. Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials are Linked Through the Golden Ratio.
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 03(2013):82-92 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/155, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201303-19.pdf ( Views: 655, Downloads: 424, March 2013 till 11 Dec. 2016 ) Om Sri Ganeshaya namaha

161. Solution phase thermodynamic of strong electrolytes based on ionic concentrations, hydration numbers and volumes of dissolved entities.
R. Heyrovska, Special Issue, Structural Chem. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11224-013-0256-7; (DOI) 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7;
Struct. Chem. (2013) 24: 895-1901; DOI 10.1007/s11224-013-0256-7;

162. Bond lengths, Bond angles and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials Related via the Golden Ratio for H2+, O2, O3, H2O, SO2, NO2 and CO2.
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 04(2013):1-4 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/168 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-08.pdf ( Views: 1178, Downloads: 831, April 2013 till 11 Dec. 2016 )

163. Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii Linked via the Golden Ratio for Elements Including Lanthanides and Actinides
R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 04(2013):63-68 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/176, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-18.pdf ( Views: 847, Downloads: 568, April 2013 till 11 Dec. 2016 ).

164. Atomic, ionic and Bohr radii linked via the golden ratio for the elements in DNA: C, N, O, P and H
R. Heyrovska, "XIII. Meeting of physical chemists and electrochemists "and" VII. Electrochemical Summer School", Mendel University, Brno, May 2013. Theme: "60 years DNA: 1953 - 2013"

165. Golden Ratio Based Fine Structure Constant and Rydberg Constant for Hydrogen Spectra

R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 05(2013):28-31 , http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/185, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201305-08.pdf ( Views: 821, Downloads: 470, May 2013 till 11 Dec. 2016 )

166. Bond Lengths in Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide and Carbonic Acid as Sums of Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii.
-
Dedicated to Joseph Black (April 1728 - December 1799)

R. Heyrovska, International Journal of Sciences 12(2013):30-32, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/article/361, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V220131214.pdf ( Views: 500, Downloads: 267, Dec 2013 till 11 Dec. 2016 )

167. Atomic Structures of Glucose, Fructose and Sucrose and Explanation of Anomeric Carbon.
 R. Heyrovska, http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2014/01/23/002022; ; (posted on January 2014)

168. The long O-O bond in HOON: Comments on "Detection and Structure of HOON: Microwave Spectroscopy Reveals an O–O Bond Exceeding 1.9 Å by Crabtree et al.
Science
13 December 2013: Vol. 342 no. 6164 pp. 1354-1357" DOI:10.1126/science.1244180

R. Heyrovska  http://comments.sciencemag.org/content/10.1126/science.1244180
(for missing Figs, see Ref 170 below: abstract-file)

169. The Golden Ratio In Atomic Architecture (Keynote talk)
R. Heyrovska "Shechtman International Symposium, Cancun, Mexico, 29 June - 3 July 2014"; http://www.flogen.org/ShechtmanSymposium/plenary_abst.php?page=2&p=Raji_Heyrovska&e=rheyrovs@hotmail.com&pi=124

Full text of KEYNOTE TALK in: 2014 - Sustainable Industrial processing summit/Shechtman International Symposium;
V
olume 5: Composite, Ceramic, Quasicrystals, Nanomaterials, High temperature Protection Coatings. Edited by Florian Kongoli, Flogen 2014, pp 395 - 402.


170
. Bond Lengths as Exact Sums of the Radii of Adjacent Atoms and or Ions in the Structures of Molecules (Lead Lecture)
R. Heyrovska, 13th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, 14-18 December, 2014, I.I.Sc., Bangalore, India: Lead Lecture: 17th December 2014, Abstract number 165.

http://eurasia13.org/download/Technical%20Programme.pdf (p.3: Raji H., Chair, CTC: Dec 16 & p. 4, Raji H., LL.5, Dec 17);
http://eurasia13.org/abstract-file/abstract/CTC/IL/1.pdf


171
.
New Interpretation of the Structure and Formation of Ozone Based on the Atomic and Golden Ratio Based Ionic Radii of Oxygen.

R. Heyrovska, http://viXra.org/abs/1503.0269, http://vixra.org/pdf/1503.0269v1.pdf
(Unique-IP document downloads: 150 times, 31 March 2015 till 11 Dec. 2016)

172
.
The Golden ratio, a key geometrical constant in atomic architecture.
R. Heyrovska, 113th Statistical Mechanics Conference, Rutgers University, Hill Center, May 10-12, 2015, Program of Conference, Abstract B2, p 22.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281270357

Conference Paper (PDF) · May 2015 with 89 Reads (till 11 Dec. 2016)

173. Structural Insights at the Atomic Level of Important Materials: Al and Mn as special examples in honor of D. Shechtman.
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0003; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0003v2.pdf (Unique-IP document downloads: 189 times, 1 June 2015 till 11 Dec. 2016))
http://www.flogen.org/sips2015/cv.php?page=2&p=Raji_Heyrovska&e=rheyrovs@hotmail.com&pi=308
(Keynote talk: SIPS 2015, Antalya, Turkey, October 2015)


174.
Sorry Bohr, Ground State Energy of Hydrogen Atom is Not Negative.

R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0064; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0064v1.pdf (Unique-IP document downloads: 240 times, 11 June 2015 till 11 Dec. 2016)


175
.
Simple Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Bond Angles in Stratospheric Chlorine Monoxide and Peroxide Based on Atomic and Ionic Radii
.
 
R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1507.0190 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1507.0190v1.pdf (Unique-IP document downloads: 98 times, 25 July 2015 till 11 Dec. 2016)


176.
The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite
R. Heyrovska http://www.vixra.org/abs/1601.0273 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1601.0273v2.pdf (Unique-IP document downloads: 70 times, 26 Jan 2016 till 17 Sept 2016)


177.
A Simple and Precise Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Angles in Diborane in Terms of Atomic and Ionic Radii. -
Dedicated to Dmitri Mendeleev -(8 Feb.1834 - 2 Feb 1907) on his birth anniversary.
R. Heyrovska, 
http://www.vixra.org/abs/1602.0091; http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1602.0091v1.pdf (Unique-IP document downloads: 70 times, 8 Feb 2016 till 11 Dec. 2016).


178.
The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite. - Dedicated to geo-carbon expert, Prof. Gustaf Arrhenius, of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, CA. (Full article)
R. Heyrovska,  Graphene, 5, 35-38, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/graphene.2016.52004 DOI: 10.4236/graphene.2016.52004 (1,117 Downloads   1,285 Views, April 2016 till 11 Dec 2016)
Journal cover photo in Graphene April 2016 issue: http://file.scirp.org/pdf/Graphene_05_02_Content_2016022615134040.pdf 

179.
A Simple and Exact Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Stacking Distances in Benzene and its Dimers in Terms of Atomic Covalent Radii -
Dedicated to organic chemist, Prof. P.R. Ayyar*, I.I.Sc.,Bangalore, on the 50th anniversary of his demise
R. Heyrovska
,  http://www.vixra.org/abs/1602.0348 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1602.0348v2.pdf  (Unique-IP document downloads: 55 times, 27 Feb 2016 till 11 Dec. 2016)


180
.
Unified Thermodynamics for All Concentrations of Electrolytes Based on Hydration and Partial Dissociation (Without Activity Coefficients, 1995-)
R. Heyrovska 229th ECS Meeting, http://www.electrochem.org/229, May 29-June 2, 2016 | San Diego, CA, Abstract #72574
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305082740 ; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1669.2724

Presentation (PDF) · May 2016with 45 Reads (till 11 Dec. 2016)


181.
Absolute Potentials of the Standard Hydrogen Electrode (4.20 V), Standard Reference Electrodes & Aqueous Redox Couples of Elements
R. Heyrovska 229th ECS Meeting, http://www.electrochem.org/229, May 29-June 2, 2016 | San Diego, CA, Abstract #72655


182. Solution Chemistry Simplified Based on Arrhenius' Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation and Hydration For all Concentrations - Collected  research work, dedicated to Svante August Arrhenius (1859 – 1927).
R. Heyrovska  http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0133; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0133v1.pdf (Unique-IP document downloads:110 times, 8 March 2016 till 11 Dec. 2016).


183
.
Absolute Potentials of the Standard Hydrogen Electrode, Reference Electrodes and Aqueous Redox Couples of Elements of Gps. I –VIII - Collected work dedicated to the pioneers, Volta, Davy and Faraday.
R. Heyrovska; http://www.vixra.org/abs/1603.0168 ; http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1603.0168v1.pdf
(Unique-IP document downloads: 39 times, 10 March 2016 till 11 Dec. 2016)


184
. Simple and Exact Additivity of Atomic and Ionic Radii in Various Types of Bonds in Small as Well as Large Molecules
- Collected work dedicated to John Dalton (1766 – 1844) in commemoration of his 250th birth anniversary.
R. Heyrovska; http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0199; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0199v1.pdf (Unique-IP document downloads: 67 times, 13 March 2016 till 11 Dec. 2016)


185.
A New Linear Equation Relating Interfacial Tension of Mercury and Isotension Potentials Describing Asymmetry in Electrocapillary Curves
- Dedicated to the polarographer, Prof. J. Heyrovsky* (Dec. 20, 1890 – Mar. 27, 1967).
R. Heyrovska; http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0359; http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0359v1.pdf
(Unique-IP document downloads: 51 times, 25 March 2016 till 11 Dec 2016)


186.
Communication--A Linear Equation Relating Interfacial Tension and Isotension Potentials to Describe Asymmetry in Electrocapillary Curves

R. Heyrovska http://jes.ecsdl.org/cgi/content/abstract/163/8/H639; doi: 10.1149/2.0301608jes
J. Electrochem. Soc.
volume 163, issue 8, H639-H641 (Open access article)

187. Linear Dependence on Covalent Radii of Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements Calculated by Rahm, Hoffmann and Ashcroft – Dedicated to Alfred B. Nobel
(21 Oct.1833 – 10 Dec.1896) to commemorate the 120th Anniversary of his demise

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0173 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0173v1.pdf (Unique-IP document downloads: 6 times, 9 Dec 2016 till 11 Dec 2016)

188.
New Simple Relations Connecting Bond Lengths, Lattice Parameters and Bohr Radii for the Biologically Important Elements, C, N, O, P and S Dedicated to Sir J.J. Thomson ((18 Dec 1856 - 30 Aug 1940) to commemorate his 160th Birth Anniversary

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0290 (abstract); http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0290v1.pdf (full text)


189.
Coulomb’s Law is Not Violated in Anion Dimers as Reported by Fatila et al - Dedicated to Charles-Augustin de Coulomb (14 June 1736 – 23 August 1806)

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0325 (abstract), http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0325v1.pdf (full text)

...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................


Collected research work (Topic I):


Solution Chemistry Simplified Based on Arrhenius' Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation and Hydration For all Concentrations - Dedicated to Svante Arrhenius (1859 – 1927).

Raji Heyrovska 
http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0133  (Unique-IP document downloads: 110 times, 8 March 2016 till 12 Dec. 2016)

http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0133v1.pdf

Abstract: Arrhenius theory of partial dissociation of electrolytes rose to its heights and fame when he was awarded the Nobel Prize (1903). While the theory was still being developed to account for the non-ideal properties of electrolytes at higher concentrations, it was unfortunately replaced by Lewis’ empirical concepts of activity and activity coefficients. With the near success of the Debye-Huckel theory of inter-ionic interactions for very dilutions, the latter was erroneously extended over the next few decades by extended parametrical equations to higher concentrations assuming complete dissociation at all concentrations. This eventually turned solution theory into a mere catalogue of parameters. Therefore, the present author abandoned it all and started systematically analyzing the available experimental data as such. She found that with the degrees of dissociation and ‘surface’ and ‘bulk’ hydration numbers obtained from vapor pressure data, properties of electrolytes could be explained quantitatively over the whole concentration range, using simple mathematical equations.

Meeting presentation in power point:

Raji Heyrovska 229th ECS Meeting, http://www.electrochem.org/229, May 29-June 2, 2016, San Diego, CA, Abstract #72574. Presentation (PDF) · May 2016 in:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305082740 ;
DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1669.2724
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..............................................................................................................……..

Collected research work (Topic II):


Absolute Potentials of the Standard Hydrogen Electrode, Reference Electrodes and Aqueous Redox Couples of Elements of Gps. I –VIII - Dedicated to the pioneers, Volta, Davy and Faraday.

Raji Heyrovska
http://www.vixra.org/abs/1603.0168  (Unique-IP document downloads: 39 times, 10 March 2016 till 12 Dec 2016)

http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1603.0168v1.pdf

 

Abstract: Electrochemical potentials are conventionally referred to that of the standard hydrogen electrode (SHE) arbitrarily as zero, in the absence of the knowledge of the latter. More than two centuries after Volta, the author demonstrated for the first time, a new simple linear relation between the gaseous ionization potentials (I) and the aqueous standard redox potentials using existing data for the elements of various Groups in the Periodic Table. All these straight lines (except for Gp. VII) converged to one point at I = 0, yielding the absolute potential of SHE as 4.20 (+/- 0.03) V. For halogens (Gp. VII), the value was found to be 2.87 (+/-0.01) V. This enabled converting the existing standard potential data into absolute potentials. Since the gaseous ionization potentials are inversely proportional to the Bohr radius, an extension of the idea to absolute aqueous redox potentials enabled estimating the radii of redox components in solution and correlating them with their covalent radii.


Meeting presentation in power point:

Raji Heyrovska, MEM 2009 conference, dedicated to Prof. J. Heyrovsky on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the award of the Nobel Prize for Polarography, Prague, 9-13 Dec 2009: http://www.natur.cuni.cz/heyrovsky; Conference Proceedings: Chemicke Listy, 103 (2009) OP-10, s238: (Abstract). (In English). Both in ppt & pdf in:
Nature Precedings (2010) http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4354/version/1;

http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4354/version/1; doi:10.1038/npre.2010.4354.1

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...................................................................................................................………………………

Collected research work (Topic III):
 

Simple and Exact Additivity of Atomic and Ionic Radii in Various Types of Bonds in Small as Well as Large Molecules - Dedicated to John Dalton (1766 – 1844) in commemoration of his 250th birth anniversary.

Raji Heyrovska
http://vixra.org/abs/1603.0199 (Unique-IP document downloads: 67 times, 13 March 2016 till 12 Dec 2016)

http://vixra.org/pdf/1603.0199v1.pdf


Abstract:
The nature of the chemical bond has intrigued many a mind. Bohr’s theory of the hydrogen atom, which celebrated its centennial recently, gave the correct value but a negative sign for the energy. As this would imply that the energy of the Universe, which consists of 70% hydrogen, is negative, the author was dissatisfied with it. So she proposed a modified approach to the problem, which showed that the energy is positive. Moreover, she found that the Bohr radius is divided into two Golden sections pertaining to the electron and proton. This idea cascaded into the finding that all bond lengths in small as well as large molecules are simply exact sums of the appropriate atomic and or Golden ratio based ionic radii of adjacent atoms or ions. Over the years, this has proved to be correct for various types of bonds, including hydrogen bonds, bonds in graphite and in benzene dimers.

Meeting presentation in power point:

Raji Heyrovska, 113th Statistical Mechanics Conference in honor of three renowned Physicists, Rutgers University, Hill Center, May 10-12, 2015, Program of Conference, Abstract B2, p 22. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281270357
..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................


Comments
(by R. Heyrovska)

1. Comments on: Decoding DNA: New Twists and Turns (February, 2014):
http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/33846/title/Decoding-DNA--New-Twists-and-Turns/

2. Response to The Birthplace of Electrochemistry: (September 2014):
http://www.ecsblog.org/announcements/education/the-birthplace-of-electrochemistry/

3. Comments on: New Tabletop detector "sees" single electrons (April 2015)
https://disqus.com/home/discussion/mitnews/new_tabletop_detector_sees_single_electrons/

4. Comments on: "Passion is just the start", Science 17 July 2015: Vol. 349 no. 6245 pp. 217-217.
http://comments.sciencemag.org/content/10.1126/science.aac9472#comments

5. Comment(2) on: Lasker prizes recognize Ebola response, DNA damage, and cancer research (8 September 2015), Science| DOI: 10.1126/science.aad1722
http://news.sciencemag.org/people-events/2015/09/lasker-prizes-recognize-ebola-response-dna-damage-and-cancer-research#disqus_thread

6. Comments: 
http://cen.acs.org/articles/93/web/2015/10/Tomas-Lindahl-Paul-Modrich-Aziz-Sancar-Win-2015-Nobel-Prize-Chemistry-DNA-Repair.html
Raji Heyrovska  (October 14, 2015 9:52 AM)
Congrats to excellent DNA chemists! It might be of interest to the readers to see the detailed atomic structure of DNA at: http://arxiv.org/abs/0708.1271v4 and of DNA damage at: http://precedings.nature.com/documents/6891/version/1

7. Comments:

http://cen.acs.org/articles/93/web/2015/10/Arthur-B-McDonald-Takaaki-Kajita-Win-2015-Nobel-Prize-in-Physics.html?hootPostID=76671a797f3c9a71dde4eff6353b699a
Raji Heyrovska  (October 14, 2015 9:59 AM) 
Congrats to excellent physicists! For an estimation of the mass of neutrinos/antineutrinos from nuclear mass defects, see: http://www.jh-inst.cas.cz/~rheyrovs/signif.htm#TVIII

8. Authors forgot the reference to Raji Heyrovska in Trends Biomater. Artif. Organs, 25(3), 91-94 (2011), http://www.sbaoi.org; Blood Compatibility and Biomedical Applications of Graphene by Willi Paul and Chandra P. Sharma: http://medind.nic.in/taa/t11/i3/taat11i3p91.pdf
Missing Reference to Fig. 2 by Raji Heyrovska, http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/0804/0804.4086.pdf
See also related Figure 4 by Raji Heyrovska, http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1004/1004.2667.pdf
9. Comments:
http://www.electrochem.org/2015/02/18/google-celebrates-electrochemistry/

HAPPY BIRTHDAY VOLTA

February 26, 2015 at 11:30 am
10. Comments:
(by Raji heyrovska, 28 Jan 2016) in:
http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news
Graphene means business…(06 Nov 2015)
http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/graphene-means-business-two-dimensional-material-moves-from-the-lab-to-the-uk-factory-floor

11. Comments:
by Raji Heyrovska in: New type of hydrogen bond discovered (Chemistry World,  9th March 2016)
http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2016/03/new-hydrogen-bond-non-classical-boron-aromatic-benzene



Articles (28) on the 'Golden ratio-based ionic radii' and 'additivity of atomic and ionic radii' in the bond lengths of 'all' molecules (till 1 March 2016)

The Golden
Ratio in Atomic Architecture:

1. The Golden Ratio, Ionic and Atomic Radii and Bond Lengths
R. Heyrovska,
Special Issue of Molecular Physics, 103 (2005) 877 - 882. (and the literature therein to author's earlier work)

*2. Fine Structure Constant, Anomalous Magnetic Moment, Relativity Factor and the Golden Ratio that Divides the Bohr Radius
R. Heyrovska and  S. Narayan
,
arXiv:physics/0509207 [pdf] (2005).

3. Dependence of Ion-water Distances on Covalent Radii, Ionic Radii in Water and Distances of Oxygen and Hydrogen of Water from Ion/water Boundaries
R. Heyrovska,
Chemical Physics Letters, 429 (2006) 600 - 605.

4.  Dependence of the Length of the Hydrogen Bond on the Covalent and Cationic Radii of Hydrogen, and Additivity of Bonding Distances
R. Heyrovska, Chemical Physics Letters, 432 (2006) 348 - 351.
 

5. Dependences of Molar Volumes in Solids, Partial Molal and Hydrated Ionic Volumes of Alkali Halides on Covalent and Ionic Radii and the Golden Ratio.
R. Heyrovska,
Chemical Physics Letters, 436 (2007) 287 - 293.

*6. Atomic Structures of Molecules Based on Additivity of Atomic and/or Ionic Radii.
R. Heyrovska and S. Narayan, AIP Conference Proceedings 1119 (2009) 216; Editor(s): Beverly Karplus Hartline, Renee K. Horton, Catherine M. Kaicher.3rd IUPAP International Conference on Women In Physics 2008, Seoul, South Korea, 7th -10th of October, 2008
;
Nature Precedings http://precedings.nature.com/documents/3292/version/1 (2009).

7. Various Carbon to Carbon Bond Lengths Inter-related via the Golden Ratio, and their Linear Dependence on Bond Energies.
R. Heyrovska,
arXiv:0809.1957 [pdf] (2008)

8. The Golden ratio in the Creations of Nature Arises in the Architecture of Atoms and Ions.
R. Heyrovska,
Proceedings of the 9th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, Antalya, Turkey, September 2006:
Chapter 12 in Book: "Innovations in Chemical Biology", Editor: Bilge Sener, Springer.com, January 2009: (Full text of Invited Lecture)

9. Golden Sections of Interatomic Distances as Exact Ionic Radii and Additivity of Atomic and Ionic Radii in Chemical Bonds.
R. Heyrovska,
arXiv:0902.1184 [pdf] (2009)

10
. Golden Sections of Inter-atomic Distances as Exact Ionic Radii of Atoms.
R. Heyrovska,
Nature Precedings http://precedings.nature.com/documents/2929/version/1 (2009). See also the ref. above.

11. Structures at the Atomic Level of Cobalt, Zinc and Lead Niobates (with an Appendix: Atomic structure of cobalt niobate crystal).
R. Heyrovska, Nature Precedings <http://hdl.handle.net/10101/npre.2011.6059.2> (2011)

12. Structures of molecules at the atomic level: Caffeine and related compounds
R. Heyrovska and S. Narayan, Philippine Journal of Science, 140(2): 119-124, 2011 (Full paper) in English 

13. Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials are Linked Through the Golden Ratio.
R. Heyrovska, International J. Sciences., Vol 2, 82-92, Issue-Mar-2013. http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201303-19.pdf (297 downloads till 14 Jan 2015)

14. Bond lengths, Bond angles and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials Related via the Golden Ratio for H2+, O2, O3, H2O, SO2, NO2 and CO2.
R. Heyrovska, International J. Sciences., Vol 2, 1-4, Issue-Apr-2013, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-08.pdf
(665 downloads till 14 Jan 2015))

15. Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii Linked via the Golden Ratio for Elements Including Lanthanides and Actinides
R. Heyrovska, International J. Sciences., Vol 2, 63-68, Issue-Apr-2013, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201304-18.pdf  (463 downloads till 14 Jan 2015).

16.
Atomic, ionic and Bohr radii linked via the golden ratio for the elements in DNA: C, N, O, P and H

R. Heyrovska,
"XIII. Meeting of physical chemists and electrochemists "and" VII. Electrochemical Summer School"
, Mendel University, Brno, May 2013.
Theme: "60 years DNA: 1953 - 2013
"


17. Golden Ratio Based Fine Structure Constant and Rydberg Constant for Hydrogen Spectra

R. Heyrovska, International J. Sciences., Vol 2, 28-31, Issue-May-2013, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201305-08.pdf (331 downloads till 14 Jan 2015).


18. Bond Lengths in Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide and Carbonic Acid as Sums of Atomic, Ionic and Bohr Radii.
-
Dedicated to Joseph Black (April 1728 - December 1799)

R. Heyrovska, International J. Sciences., Vol 2, 30-32, Issue-Dec-2013, http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V220131214.pdf

(124 downloads till 14 Jan 2015)


19. The Golden Ratio In Atomic Architecture (Keynote talk)
R. Heyrovska "Shechtman International Symposium, Cancun, Mexico, 29 June - 3 July 2014"; http://www.flogen.org/ShechtmanSymposium/plenary_abst.php?page=2&p=Raji_Heyrovska&e=rheyrovs@hotmail.com&pi=124


20..Bond Lengths as Exact Sums of the Radii of Adjacent Atoms and or Ions in the Structures of Molecules (Lead Lecture)
R. Heyrovska, 13th Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, 14-18 December, 2014, I.I.Sc., Bangalore, India: Lead Lecture: 17th December 2014, Abstract number 165.

http://eurasia13.org/abstract-file/abstract/CTC/IL/1.pdf


21. New Interpretation of the Structure and Formation of Ozone Based on the Atomic and Golden Ratio Based Ionic Radii of Oxygen

R. Heyrovska, http://viXra.org/abs/1503.0269, http://vixra.org/pdf/1503.0269v1.pdf


22.
The Golden ratio, a key geometrical constant in atomic architecture

R. Heyrovska, 113th Statistical Mechanics Conference, Rutgers University, Hill Center, May 10-12, 2015, Program of Conference, Abstract B2, p 22. ttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/281270357

23. Structural Insights at the Atomic Level of Important Materials: Al and Mn as special examples in honor of D. Shechtman
R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0003; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0003v2.pdf


24. Sorry Bohr, Ground State Energy of Hydrogen Atom is Not Negative

R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1506.0064; http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0064v1.pdf


25. 
Simple Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Bond Angles in Stratospheric Chlorine Monoxide and Peroxide Based on Atomic and Ionic Radii

R. Heyrovska, http://vixra.org/abs/1507.0190 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1507.0190v1.pdf

26. The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1601.0273?ref=8736553; http://vixra.org/pdf/1601.0273v2.pdf
Cover photo in Graphene April 2016 issue: http://file.scirp.org/pdf/Graphene_05_02_Content_2016022615134040.pdf


27
.
A Simple and Precise Interpretation of the Bond Lengths and Angles in Diborane in Terms of Atomic and Ionic Radii. - Dedicated to Dmitri Mendeleev
(8 Feb.1834 -
2 Feb 1907) on his birth anniversary.
R. Heyrovska 
http://www.vixra.org/abs/1602.0091; http://www.vixra.org/pdf/1602.0091v1.pdf


28.
The Coulombic Nature of the van der Waals Bond Connecting Conducting Graphene Layers in Graphite. - Dedicated to geo-carbon expert, Prof. Gustaf Arrhenius, of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, CA. (Full article)
R. Heyrovska,  Graphene, 5, 35-38, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/graphene.2016.52004

29. Linear Dependence on Covalent Radii of Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements Calculated by Rahm, Hoffmann and Ashcroft – Dedicated to Alfred B. Nobel
(21 Oct.1833 – 10 Dec.1896) to commemorate the 120th Anniversary of his demise

R. Heyrovska http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0173 ; http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0173v1.pdf




Articles/abstracts/citations available/listed on the web
(updated: 26 December 2016):

Full texts of publications/scientific contributions are in:


Full texts (16) in: http://arxiv.org/

http://arxiv.org/find/all/1/all:+Heyrovska/0/1/0/all/0/1

 

Full texts (14) in:

http://precedings.nature.com/ http://precedings.nature.com/search?query=Heyrovska

 

Full texts (15) (Heyrovska) in:

http://www.vixra.org/; site:vixra.org/abs Heyrovska

 

Full text (1) (Heyrovska) in:

http://biorxiv.org; bioRxiv doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/002022
http://biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2014/01/23/002022.full.pdf