ABOUT PRAGUE

Prague is the capital and the largest city of the Czech Republic. It is also the historical capital of Bohemia (a historical region in the Czech Republic). The area has been settled since the Paleolithic age. According to legends, the city was founded in the 8th century by the Czech duchess and prophetess Libuše and her husband Přemysl. Prague flourished under the reign of Charles IV who had the New Town build and among other deeds, he founded the Prague University in 1348, now called Charles University after its founder, making it the oldest university in Central Europe. Eras of the Church reformation and Habsburg reign followed. After the World War I, Prague became the capital of newly formed Czechoslovakia and since 1993 the city has been the capital of the Czech Republic.

Prague is home to a number of famous tourist attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of 20th century. Main tourist attractions include the Prague Castle, the Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with the astronomical clock, the Lesser Town, the Jewish Quarter, Petřín Hill, Vyšehrad, etc. The historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1992.

 

   USEFUL INFORMATION

Visa

Conference participants are advised to check passport and visa requirements for travel to the Czech Republic in advance. Information on visa requirements can be found on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic.

If you require an invitation letter, email us (contacts).

Travel to Prague

Prague is situated in central part of Bohemia. Given to its central location within Europe, it is well approachable by a number of means of transportation.

By plane

Václav Havel International Airport is located in Ruzyně, which is a peripheral district of Prague. Planes from Prague airport leave for many cities in Europe. To get to the city, you may take bus 119 in direction to Nádraží Veleslavín or 191 in direction to Na Knížecí. These buses are part of public transportation system so a regular ticket fare applies (for information on fares see Transport around Prague). There are also taxi ranks in front of each terminal.    

By train

Prague main railway station (Praha hlavní nádraží) in located in the centre of Prague on metro line C (station Hlavní nádraží). Tram stops Jidřišská and Hlavní nádraží are also nearby with trams 3, 9, 14, 24, and 5, 9, 26 respectively running through them. The station is an international transport hub handling lines to Germany, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Switzerland, the Netherlands, etc.   

By bus

Bus Terminal Praha Florenc (ÚAN Florenc) is located in the centre of Prague near C and B metro lines station Florenc. There are also tram and bus stops served by a number of trams and buses. Buses leaving the terminal run in all directions, mainly to neighbouring countries, however more distant destinations are not exceptional, including cities in Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, France, Sweden, Ukraine, Denmark, Belgium, the United Kingdom, and others. 

By car

Given to Prague’s excellent location and also to the fact that Hotel Pyramida provides enough parking space for its guests, it is also possible to come to Prague by car. Note that motorways (dálnice in Czech, marked D) in the Czech Republic are subjected to a fee. It is sold in the form of a windscreen toll vignette for motorcars with a weight up to 3.5 tons. It is a time-related toll and as of 2016 it is possible to buy vignette valid for ten days for 310 CZK. 

As of 2016 there is a difference between   motorways (dálnice) and   roads for motorcars (silnice pro motorová vozidla) and speed limits are set to 130 km/h and 110 km/h respectively outside of a settlement where speed limit is set to 80km/h. On regular roads speed limit is set to 90 km/h and settlement limit is 50 km/h. Inside settlement zone (obytná zóna) marked by a special blue sign the speed limit is set to 20 km/h. 50 m before level crossing with railway the speed is further reduced to 30km/h or 50km/h in case of visible flashing of a white traffic light.

 

Transport around Prague

Local transportation system in Prague is one of the best systems in Europe, it is highly efficient and cheap. It is served by Dopravní podnik hlavního města Prahy (website).

Tickets for public transportation network permit you to travel on trams, buses, the metro, and the funicular from Újezd to the Petřín Hill. They are valid for a set period of time and they permit you to transfer between the four means of public transport. They are sold at newsagents, in metro station and in machines located in all metro stations and at some of the tram and bus stops. The fares are summarized in the following table:

Tickets

Adults

Older children (10 – 15 yrs, must carry photo ID) & Seniors (65 – 70 yrs)

Young Children (0 – 9 yrs, 6yrs+ must carry photo ID) & Seniors 70+

Single ticket (90 mins)

Single ticket (30 mins)

1-Day Pass (24 hrs)

3-Day Pass (72 hrs)

32 CZK

24 CZK

110 CZK

310 CZK

16 CZK

12 CZK

55 CZK

n.a.

Free

Free

Free

Free

Orientation plans of public transport in Prague are to be found here.

 

Metro

The Prague Metro operates daily from 05:00 until 24:00. During peak hours the trains leave every 2 – 3 minutes, or 4 – 9 minutes any other day time. There are three metro lines: A (green), B (yellow), and C (red).

Trams

Daytime trams operate from 04:30 to 24:00. The backbone tramway lines run every 4 minutes, others every 8 – 10 minutes during weekdays. The intervals get even longer in evenings (up to 20 minutes). Night trams run nightly from 24:00 to 04:30. The trams are numbered from 51 to 59 and the intervals between individual trams are 30 minutes. All night trams run through Lazarská stop in the centre.

Buses

They serve the whole metropolitan area, mainly the greater centre and peripheral districts. Daytime buses operate from 05:00 until midnight and they are numbered from 100 to 297. Night buses operate from 24:00 to 04:00 and they are numbered from 501 to 515.

Funicular

The funicular railway runs from Újezd in the Lesser Town to the top of the Petřín Hill. In March, it operates from 09:00 to 23:30 every 15 minutes. The upper station of the funicular is in the vicinity of landscaped gardens, Petřín Observation Tower, a mirror maze, and an observatory.

 

Money exchange

The official currency in the Czech Republic is Czech crown or koruna in Czech (Kč or CZK). It is divided into 100 hellers (haléře). Even though prices in shops still include them, the coins are no longer used and the final sum of prices is rounded up or down before the payment is made.

As the exchange rate of CZK is tightly bound to EUR, it fluctuates around 27 CZK for 1 EUR. 1 GBP costs approximately 32 CZK and for 1 USD you would receive roughly 24 CZK. There are plenty of places where exchange of money is possible. Banks are the safest, however they charge a fee, typically 50 CZK or 2% of the exchanged amount of money. Also, banks typically exchange only euros, dollars, and pounds. There is also a plenty of exchange offices in the centre, esp. around the Old Town Square, which in addition to EUR, GBP, and USD, exchange also other currencies and without commission. Unlike banks, they are open till later evening hours, nevertheless, the exchange rate might be less favourable.

There is a considerable number of businesses accepting credit card payments (esp. MasterCard and Visa). Contactless credit cards are used in the Czech Republic so they are widely accepted by merchants and other businesses (esp. by the bigger ones).

There is also a plenty of cash machines. They can be found basically everywhere: airports, stations, shopping centres, city centre, etc.

        

Useful links

Visas   

Travelling To Prague

Arrivals

 

 

Travelling around Prague

Tourist information

Ministry of Foreign  Affairs of the CR

Rome2Rio

Václav Havel International Airport

Bus terminal Praha Florenc

Main train station

Timetables and connections

Prague City Line

Prague City Tourism

Weather Forecast

InYourPocket Guide