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Molecular dynamics simulations of alkane conversions catalyzed by acidic zeolites

Institute Seminar

Tomas Bucko (Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia)

11.12.2012 at 14:30 in R. BrdiÄŤka lecture hall

Abstract:
Transition state theory provides the theoretical background to study reaction kinetics and its harmonic approximation (h-TST) can be considered as the current standard in ab-initio simulations. Despite its success in molecular chemistry, the harmonic transition state theory has several serious drawbacks. Often, however, the h-TST is used in simulations routinely and without judicious considerations. Although the methods designed to treat dynamical effects accurately have been developed, they are not widely used by ab-initio practitioners. Perhaps the most important reason that hinders propagation of these methods is that they are extremely demanding in terms of computational power. In my presentation, I will discuss a class of chemical reactions for which h-TST fails. It will be shown that accurate treatment of entropy is necessary not only for understanding of reaction kinetics but even for identification of correct reaction mechanisms. Results will be demonstrated on a “real-world” example of alkane conversions catalyzed by acidic zeolites.

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